◄ Roman Forum, Rome [HD] ►

◄ Roman Forum, Rome [HD] ►


Welcome to this impressive ancient Roman area
known as the Roman Forum. This place also goes by its Latin name, Forum Romanum and
some simply call it the Forum. This is truly one of the most unique places in the world,
where you can find the excavations of several ancient Roman buildings in the middle of modern
Rome. The history of this area dates back thousands
of years. According to tradition, the birth of the Forum is closely linked to the battle
between Romulus, the first king of Rome controlling the Palatine Hill and his rival, Titus Tatius
who occupied the Capitoline Hill. The legend states that the battle was stopped by the
prayers and cries of the Capitoline women, which made the men lay down their weapons
and try negotiations instead. As the site of the Forum lied in between the two hills,
it became the designated place for the two people to meet and discuss. This is the reason
why many places where discussion are held today, be it online or offline, are called
forums. This area, next to the Capitoline Hill, was
in ancient times a marshland. In order to make the ground more easily buildable, one
of the world’s earliest sewage systems was constructed; the Cloaca Maxima. After the
sewage was built, the area quickly developed into the home of several markets and places
of social activity. With this, another step was taken towards what would become the center
of one of the greatest empires in the history. As time passed, the use of the forum as a
market place diminished as the city grew. Instead, more public buildings were constructed
around the square in which it became a natural centre for the growing town. In order to make
room for forum expansions, many surrounding buildings were demolished, even several privately
owned homes. During its peak, more or less all economic and judicial buildings were located
on Forum Romanum. The forum was also one of the most important religious centers of Rome,
as it housed several sacred basilicas and temples. The majority of the structures were
built during the reign of Julius Caesar and his successor Augustus.
The Forum was not only a place for meetings and discussions, but it also has a history
of violence and destruction. Several battles between rivaling factions has taken place
around the Forum, often followed by vicious fires. The majority of the Forum temples were
abandoned after the ban of non-Christian cults in the late 4th century. Some of the temples
fell in ruin while others became converted into churches. The final blow was dealt to
the Forum during the sacking of Rome in year 410, in which the majority of the buildings
were destroyed. The once so great Forum Romanum collapsed together with the Empire it was
built to serve. During the Middle Ages, the area was mostly
buried under earth and debris. Several of the old ruinous buildings were used by shepherds
and their cattle, which gave the area the nickname “Campo Vaccino” — “the cattle field”.
Just like many other ancient Roman buildings, the Forum became partly used as a quarry for
new building projects. Today’s respect of Rome’s ancient buildings did not exist during
these grim times. This changed in the early 19th century, when
archaeologists under the Napoleonic regime started excavating parts of the site. Around
100 years later, much of the Forum Romanum had been revealed.
These excavations showed that the Forum was built in many separate layers. Due to its
location, both flooding of the Tiber River and erosion from the surrounding hills cased
the ground level on the forum to rise several times. Instead of removing all debris, they
Romans simply paved it over. This meant that several of the later additions
to the Forum had to be removed in order to restore it back to its original street level
wherever possible. With this accomplished, the historic center of power and the very
heart of the ancient Roman Empire had been brought back to life.
The Forum contains several magnificent monuments, such as the Temple of Saturn, the Arch of
Titus, the Temple of Vesta and the church of San Luca e Martina. However, there are
more than 10 temples and basilicas at the site as well as several arches so I’m sure
you will have a lot to do. Today, the Roman Forum is one of the most
important archaeological sites in the world. It is actually still subject to excavations
but the majority of the parts are open to visitors. Some of the best views over the
forum are from the terraces of Campidoglio at the western end of the Forum. From there,
you can get a complete view over site and all the way towards the Colosseum. It is a
mighty view and one can only imagine how it grand it must have looked at the time of Rome’s
splendor.

12 thoughts on “◄ Roman Forum, Rome [HD] ►

  1. Very tender, and even though I live here in Italy and I study ancient Roman history, the Forum Romano is the love of my life and fills me with longing for a time when brilliance by a byword and men truly were leaders. The notion that one man, Caesar, could bring such glory to his tribe is incomprehensible in our world today, as mostly what we have been left with are politically correct toadies who are not his bootlace. But another Caesar? Not in our lifetime. Many thanks for this.

  2. Just got back from there! What an incredible place and experience. Folks give yourself all day to really explore it. I sadly missed the night time lights view.

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