Chicago Citation Style: Books & Journal Articles

Chicago Citation Style: Books & Journal Articles


Hi, my name is Nicki Lerczak. I’m the Instructional
Services Librarian at Genesee Community College and this is Chicago citation style this tutorial is going to cover basic book and journal article footnote
and bibliography entries and we’re going to start with the basic
book footnote example you will notice that only the first line is indented and the whole footnote is single-spaced
you’ll see that’s single-spacing tends to be the theme between footnotes and bibliography
entries in Chicago, they don’t double space those you’ll notice our footnote starts with a
number one this is pretending to be the first footnote of our paper and we start with an author authors always come first no matter what they tend to be normal when you’re doing
footnotes so, first name then their last name as you
would write a person’s name regularly after your author comes the title of
your book and similar to MLA you will notice that
the important words, or the major words, have been capitalized and in Chicago if you have a book title you italicize the book title to help it stand out after the title I’ve got
publisher information so I’ve got New York Columbia University Press two thousand
and one and finally comes the exact page number
from which this footnote is referring to so if you’re quoting something or you’re
paraphrasing you do have to end with the page that
that information comes from you’ll notice that a footnote uses
commas to separate out its elements so after the author’s name
comes a comma after the title and publisher information
come a comma, in Chicago the publisher and the title are considered a lumped together
item, so that’s why there is no comma after the title the publisher information does get set apart
though by the parentheses so that helps it keep
itself together a little apart from the title at the end of my footnote comes
a period hand-in-hand with our footnote we would
need a bibliography entry of course unless your instructor has
required you to not use a bibliography so if your instructor says not
to use this do not include one different from the footnote you’ll notice
that only the first line is not indented, it is
up against the edge, where the other two lines are indented still we are single spaced as I said before we start with an author
but you’ll notice what’s happened to our author is that we have flipped it so where
she was before Kathleen J. Bragdon she’s now Bragdon comma Kathleen J. lastname and then firstname because
bibliographies are alphabetized according to authors’
last names or first words if you have something that does not have an author after our author comes the title of our book
still major words are capitalized and it is still italicized after the title comes publisher yet again where, who, and when and you’ll notice now where before the footnote had commas
to separate out the little elements between them in the bibliography we get periods so
after the author comes a period after the title now we have a period
because there are no parentheses for the publisher information so they are broken
up so title gets a period and then at the very end after the
publisher and date comes a period you’ll notice what’s not there when you are saving a book footnote
you do of course want include the specific page the citation comes from the bibliography on the other hand is
not interested in the page numbers of your book so we don’t include page
numbers when you’re doing a book bibliography entry for articles coming from databases like
jstor and others of course the first question to ask yourself is always what
kind of an article do you have because each of them are slightly different we’re gonna take a look at a journal
article from the database Jstor just like the other footnote, again, the first line is indented, and because this
is our quote unquote second footnote you’ll notice it’s a number two
so we’re kind of pretending we’re doing a paper here so this would be our number
two footnote and again we are of course single-spaced we start with our author yet again normally because footnotes are in normal order the title of the article’s a little
different from the title of a book we still capitalize the important words but
this time instead of italicizing them we’ve put them in quotation marks that says “I’m an article” after the title of the article comes the
name of the journal or the source of your article and that is also capitalized primarily the way book titles and article titles are
capitalized so important words are capitalized and that’s in italics following the name of the journal comes
the volume number which is followed by the letters n o
period and then the issue number, “no” stands for
the word number so they have said put no period and
then include your issue number that’s followed by the year of
publication and then again because this is a
footnote remember footnotes are specific exactly where are you referring to you
need to include a page number at the end of your citation you want
to put the doi or stable url for your article if it doesn’t have a doi or a stable
url use the document or accession number or id that is provided by the
database for that specific article just like the book footnote all of our different elements are separated
by comma so after the author is a comma after the title is a comma after the
page numbers is a comma and finally at the very end there is a
period the bibliography entry for this journal
article again because it’s a bibliography entry
the first line is not indented but the lines afterwards are of course they are single-spaced and just like in the book bibliography
entry our author does that flip so now we go to the last name comma first name
version of of it following that is the title once again of our article
the same way it was with important words capitalized again in quotation marks
because it’s an article after that, again, big words capitalized but
this time in italics comes the name or the source of our article what journal it was
published in this is followed by our volume number
that no period followed by the issue number then our year of publication for the
article and different from our footnote we include the start
and end pages. when you are citing a book you do not include the whole pages
of the book in your bibliography but for an article because they aren’t as long as books
generally you do include a start and end page of
your article lastly comes that doi or stable url or the document or accession number or
id that is specific to your article just like in the book bibliography
you’ll notice we have periods in between our different
parts so after my author is a period after my title is a period after the page numbers comes a period
and at the very end also comes a period if you have any questions at all
about creating book or journal article citations please do not hesitate to get in touch
with a librarian through either the library’s ask a
librarian page on our website or please come in person or give us a phone call

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