eResources | Newspapers for Family History

eResources | Newspapers for Family History


Good afternoon, my name’s Shannon and
I work in the newspaper and family history team at the library so thanks
for tuning in today. In today’s session we’re going to be taking a quick look at just a few of the newspapers available by the library’s e-resources, which
includes digitized newspapers, full-text newspaper eResources and newspaper
indexes. We’ve got a lot to get through today, don’t feel too bad if you do need
to duck off this session is being recorded. In the first half of this
session, we’ll be talking about some Australian newspaper resources then
we’ll take a quick break for questions and we’ll then take a look at some of
the UK newspaper eResources that the library provides access to. What I won’t
be talking about in any great detail is the library’s Trove service, which
strictly speaking isn’t one of our eResources. If you’d like to learn more
about Trove, we’ve run a number of webinars on using Trove which you can
view on our YouTube channel or via the library’s website. To view past webinars
on our website just visit the library’s home page “nla.gov.au”. Hover
over “Using the Library” up here, under “Learning” go “Learning sessions”, and you
can view past record, past webinar recordings just over here. So we’ve got
quite a few that have a family history focus, in addition of Trove newspapers
for family history, we have “Researching the history of your house” and “Copyright
for genealogists”. I do recommend watching the “Newspaper for family history” webinar
as Trove does complement the newspaper resources I’m going to be looking at
today. But today we’re going beyond trove. The library subscribes to a range of
online newspapers both in Australia and overseas, with a particular focus on
newspapers from the UK and Southeast Asia. Some of the historic newspaper
eResources extend back to the 1600s. Others provide access to more
recent newspapers, even as recent as today’s issue. And the best part is that
you can access most of these newspaper eResources for free with a National
Library card via our eResources portal. So we just go back to the home page. To
get to our eResources portal, you just have to scroll down and here it is
sitting under partner collections. If you haven’t done so already, to access a
lot of these resources you will need a National Library of Australia library
card. There’s a form here. If you’re an Australian resident, you just fill it out
and a card will be sent to you in the post for free. If you do already have a
library card for the National Library of Australia you’re pretty much good to go.
You might also have a card for your state or local library which may give
you access to the same or similar newspaper eResources through their
library portals. Check with your local or state library about this. But today we’re
working on the assumption that you have a national library card and are
accessing our eResources through our national library’s portal. So to get to
our eResources, we just give it a click … And you’ll land on the eResources
portal page. You can watch this screen cast to get an overview of how our eResources work anytime. But just very quickly, there are three levels of
access to our eResources. Freely available eResources, which have a little globe
symbol next to them, are freely available websites on the internet which have been
indexed from the library. Such as links to various birth death marriage registry
websites. Licenced eResources, which have a little key symbol next to them,
pretty much all of our newspaper eResources fall under this category. These
are privately owned databases that we subscribe to, in which you can access at
home in your office, wherever you have internet access to for free if you have
a national library card and login to our air resources portal by using the
details on the back of your card and your family name up here. And finally on site only eResources. These include databases which we subscribe to but because of our
licensing agreement with the vendor, you can only access these inside the library.
On site only eResources include the library editions of Ancestry and Find My
Past, which you can access for free at most public libraries throughout
Australia, you don’t necessarily need to come to Canberra. It also tends to
include the odd cd-rom resource which can only be accessed in the library due
to copyright. Today we’re going to be focusing on newspaper eResources. It’s
quite easy to see the full gamut of what we have an offer by going over here to
“Browse by category” and clicking “Newspapers & Media” … You can look through
the full list of 65 resources or you can browse through what’s available by State,
Territory, in Australia or overseas newspapers. And if we flick through the
various states and territories, we’ll go to Queensland, you can see that there’s
sometimes not very much for some states or territories, either in terms of actual
digitized content or even in the way of indexes. Those of you who have used the
library’s trove service may also be aware that trove provides access to
hundreds of Australian newspaper titles but that coverage of most titles on
trove tends to stop in 1955 due to copyright. For in copyright material,
libraries generally can’t digitize it and make it available via trove. So it’s
really up to the newspaper publisher to create and maintain their own digital
archive for that post 1954 period or to partner with somebody that can manage
a digital archive on their behalf. Not many publishers choose to do this, which is why we don’t have much in the way of online newspaper eResources for some
states and territories in Australia. If the newspaper isn’t available online, the
only way to access it and this is particularly true for that Post 1954
period, is usually by visiting your, visiting a library and accessing the
hard copy on microfilm, or by ordering copies of articles via library
or arranging an interlibrary loan of the microfilm. But if we click on other
states, and New South Wales is probably the best example, you can see there is
some reasonable coverage of select titles and sometimes there’s quite a few
indexes as well. This is particularly true for the Fairfax titles “The Sydney
Morning Herald” and “The Age” and of course Fairfax is now a subsidiary of Nine. Let’s take a look at some of these Fairfax archives, starting with the “Sydney
Morning Herald”. So to find specific newspaper eResources, you can browse by category from the home page. If you know the name
of the resource you can just type it into this box as well. “Sydney Morning
Herald”. You can even just go “SMH”. It’ll bring it all up… And I’ve brought up all
of the Sydney Morning Herald related eResources that we have listed in our
portal. The Sydney Morning Herald is Australia’s oldest continuously
published newspaper. It’s available on Trobe up to the end of 1954 but then
cuts off, again due to copyright, which is why you want to take a look at our
eResources. We can see here we’ve got “Sydney Morning Herald archives from 1955 to
1995”, right where Trove ends these archives begin. And we’ve got the “Sydney
Morning Herald and the Age Library Edition” which provides coverage of both
titles from 2006 to current, today’s issue. And we’ve also got an index.
This means that combined with what’s on trophy the Sydney Morning Herald, we’re
only missing about ten years of online coverage of this newspaper title. It’s
really unfortunate that we don’t have such excellent coverage of any other
newspaper titles but we all have to work with what providence gives us as family
historians. The most popular database out of these
for family historians tends to be the “Sydney Morning Herald archives 1955 to
1995”, so let’s just click through. I’ll read through all of these conditions, no
I’m just joking I won’t do that a bit short on time but make sure you, you do read through it before clicking accept. And then we just click visit site. Again
you will need to log in at home with your national library card to access
this, it’s a licensed resource… Click “Visit Site” and we land on this Browse
page, where you can all hopefully see digital print editions of The Sydney
Morning Herald for January 1995 in front of you. It’s quite intuitive to browse
this archive, so you can see a bunch of dates up here. We could scroll through
them, select a specific year. We can select a month over here … And then we can
select a date… just by clicking on this screen like that … You can go to the next
or the previous page by clicking the arrow at the top of the screen… Very easy. You can click thumbnail over here to get
a view of all of the pages. That brings it up. Thumbnail view is particularly
useful for spotting where the notices section might be in a newspaper.
Although it, you can see, it’s still really hard to spot. It’s a very small
scale image, but notice this pages often have that nice condensed text,
lack of images. They’re often towards back at the newspaper, sometimes they
aren’t though, sometimes they’re somewhere in the middle. And keeping in mind that some pages, some issues of older newspapers may be over 100 pages in
length, so you don’t wanna be to be trawling through it all day. That
thumbnail option is very useful. Ok, so this looks, starting to look like we’re
getting into the notices sections here. See that nice condensed text towards
back of the newspaper. Again here we are. The thing that confuses a lot of people
at this point is how to actually read the newspaper. You can see at the top of
the page this magnifier icon up here. So zoom in, lets you zoom in a fraction, the
image is quite blurry and you can’t really read it. A lot of people tend to
assume that’s as far in as you can go and you can see you can’t make anything
out at all beyond sort of headlines. And if your vision is incredibly good maybe
you can spot a surname. If you want to actually read the article, you
need to double click on the screen to bring the article up. Okay just like that. And if we zoom back out, we can see that the selected area is highlighted in
yellow. And again we can just double click on it to bring it up, when it is zoomed out like that. When you double click on the screen of the Sydney
Morning Herald archives to view the article, it brings up the article you’ve
selected with varying degrees of success. It’s archive does tend to splice things
up in odd ways, especially personal notices. For example let’s have a look at
what’s happening over here. We can see I’ve selected there this column at the
top but it’s also highlighting something way down the bottom there. Okay. So it spliced it up in an odd way which is unfortunately quite common for these
kind of notices. Which means it can be a bit of a stab in the dark clicking on the right fit. It might take a few goes to get the notice you are after. Okay. So when you’re viewing a notice, you can print. Okay. You
can mail. I never use this option. I always tend to save copies. The print
feature works reasonably well depending on again how it’s been spliced up. We can
view the text, which is a machine read text of the article. Whenever a article
is digitized, it goes through that process of optical character recognition
where a machine reads the newspaper and generates this text over here, which is
what we search through whenever we do a keyword search.
Much like Trove. The Sydney Morning Herald has its own machine read text. The Sydney Morning Herald does tend to do quite a good job I’ve found of
reading the newspapers. Although you can see that there are some issues with how
the machine has read the text… Okay … You can also save, by right clicking and
clicking save image. You can copy image and paste it into a paint document or
something like that. Just be mindful that sometimes depending on the area you’ve
selected and how it’s been spliced, it might not save the entire extent of the
article when you click save image as. You might only get a very small snippet an
entire article. Just check if you’re doing something like saving it straight
to USB, that you’re saving what you want. I often find it more reliable to do a
a print screen of an article or grab a screenshot. When viewing at page level, again you’ve
got the print page icon over here. You can print. Select the page you want to
print. Again it won’t be terribly readable. It’s very blurry because of the
resolution of that page that we could see on the previous screen. So you’re not
going to be able to read it. If you want a good copy of an article or a page from
a newspaper or the Sydney Morning Herald for personal use, remember all of this
material is in copyright. If you’re writing a family history and that’s
going to be published, you’ll need permission from the publisher, if you want to
reproduce. It you might be better off ordering a copy of the article via state
or national library copying service. And that’s a popular thing to do get front
pages of newspapers celebrating somebody’s birthday or an important
event like that. Okay so that’s a browse function in a nutshell. In addition to
browsing the Sydney Morning Herald archives does also have a search
function. So if we click ‘Search’ at the top of the screen, we’ll be taken to
this search page. We’re presented with this search bar at the top of the screen
which is defaulted to a near search. Meaning if I pop in a name it will find
those words when they occur near each other in an article. Generally with these archives it’s to within four words proximity. The words might
appear in either order, so given name, first surname, first or vice versa. And
there can be as many as four words in between those two words. Or as few as no
words in between those words. So if I search for a name in this near search
field which you can easily overlook. And I’ll search for “Eva Burton” …. You can see we’ve got 34 results, and a
lot of them are about a 1965 movie Sandpiper starring Elizabeth Taylor,
Richard Burton and Eva Marie Saint. So not terribly relevant at all. Remember
the near search bar allows for reverse order of words which is what we’re
getting here. You can see an example of that just there. You can do a phrase
search in the near search bar by enclosing a name or a phrase in
quotation marks. That will find those two words when they’re next to each other in
an article, with nothing in between them. In this near search bar there’s also
options to do boolean searching if you watch the Trove for Family History
webinar, you’ll be familiar with use of the terms AND OR and NOT to include or
limit text words from, from our search results. I tend not to use this bar very
much at all when doing that kind of searching. Over here, we have this very
handy refine results search fields that carry out pretty much the same function
as boolean searching anyway. So I tend to rely on that a lot. And just
a brief overview, we’ve got all the words if I enter ‘Eva Burton’ into this
field, I’ll get articles which contain
the words Eva Burton no matter how far apart they are from each other in an
article. So we’ve got almost one and a half thousand results. It’s even looser
than the near search bar. I can do an exact phrase search, just here. Same thing
as enclosing our searching quotation marks. So the name Eva Burton is what
we’re searching for. We’re not getting any words in between
Eva and Burton. We’re not getting reversed word order. Any of the words in here
searches for any of the words you enter into this field. it functions like that
boolean OR search. If I want to find any articles relating to the death of Eva
Burton I can search for words for Eva Burton as a phrase, and also search
articles with that phrase but also words like “late funeral died”… And exclude
these words, which is pretty self-explanatory. If I do a search… and I’m getting all of those articles about
Richard Burton. Sorry I’ll do a near search bar. I can get
rid of Richard from our search by putting him in exclude these words … but that’ll remove all of the articles that contain the word Richard from our search
results. A very interesting feature and useful feature I think of this archive
is the byline search option. By lines indicate the name of the author of the
article. You won’t find an author listed for most articles before the 1970s, when
by lines started to become much more common for articles over a certain
length. If you know the author or if your ancestor was a journalist or you’re
researching a particular journalist who’s reporting on sport for instance,
you can try searching for the article author in this byline field just here. I find searching quite reliable if
you’re looking for something like an article about someone. I find it less
reliable for locating things like personal notices like birth, death,
marriage of funeral notices. Because of the way notices are structured in terms
of where a surname appears in relation to a given name. Often the near search is
to near a search to find the match depending on how an obituary is
structured. Keep in mind that many obituaries feature surname first and
sometimes given name might appear way further along down in the obituary. I f we
had an obituary that was Burton, after a short illness at her late residence
Albion Street Parramatta, Eva beloved wife of etc, a near search might not pick
her up. For things like death and funeral notices, you really are better off
searching the “Ryerson Index” … which is a free online index to contemporary death
notices. And I always mention it in any family history talk I give because it’s
so amazing. The Ryerson Index death and funeral notices and obituaries
that appear in the Sydney Morning Herald quite comprehensively from the,
from the beginning of this newspaper up to the last week or so. Many people use
the Sydney Morning Herald archives in conjunction with the Ryerson index. So if
we search for “Eva Burton” … And limit our search to a particular newspaper. So we’ll go to the “Sydney Morning Herald” And click “Search”. We can also limit to
year if we know your likely publication. Okay and we’re get an
index to where those notices appear and then we can go back to the archive
and find the notice by trawling through the newspaper. Much easier way to
find death, funeral notices and obituaries and searching. And we can see
there’s quite a few. And one was published in The Sydney Morning Herald
on the 2nd of November 1988. Okay so that’s really all I wanted to
say about the Sydney Morning Herald Archives. Have a play around see how
you’d find it. Let’s turn our attention now to another eResource, “the Google
News Archive”. So go back to our home page … Go to our “eResources” here. In “Find a
resource”, we can type in “Google News Archive” … So we’re here at the Google News
Archive now and we can see here that it’s a free website. It’s free to use, you
don’t even need a library card to access it. You can get to it through our
eResources portal. You don’t need to log in or anything like that. If I can learn
to spell Google. I can just get to it via any sort of web browser so we could
just Google the “Google News Archive” … We can see here it’s brought up the “Google
News Archive” first result. Sydney Morning Herald and the Age. Okay… The Google News
Archive is an extension of the Google News. It’s an archive of mostly overseas
newspapers as you can see but it includes some very limited Australian
titles as well. The archive is no longer added to are updated, so don’t expect to
find any new content on there. It includes some issues of the Sydney Morning
Herald which you should be able to see down here, for that post 1954 period I
believe and let’s have a look… As well as some other newspapers. But most
importantly the reason I use a Google News Archive is because it provides
access to the Age for the post 1954 period. All the way up to the end of the
1980s. So over here, under”Lists of titles”, we can see the Age. And we can see that
that range covered by the Google News Archive is 1854 right through to the
last day of 1989. You can just give that a click. And here we are in the Google
News Archive. We can see we can navigate quite easily by clicking and dragging
through the decades. Then it’s on trove up to 1954 but it’s
really this post 1954 period that you’ll be interested in. We can select a span in
decades or a decade. One thing you might notice is that some issues are missing.
The Google News Archive isn’t as comprehensive as you might hope, and fate
has it that the issue missing is usually the one that you want. You can also just
enter a date into the search field over here. So I could go first of the first
1970 and you’ll go straight to that issue. When you click on the issue you
wan to view, the image of the newspaper is generally quite clear. And browsing is
quite intuitive and all the options to zoom in, zoom out are just up here as well. Okay clicking and dragging is how we move the image on the screen about. And you can scroll through quite easily just by
clicking and dragging like that, it’s all very quick. If you see an article that
you’ll find interesting, perhaps you want to send it to a family member, you can
generate a reliable permanent link to it. By clicking a link to this article here
and clicking on the headline. And it will generate this just here which you can
copy and paste. If you’re wanting to save a copy of an article you’re honestly
better off just doing a screenshot or print screen of it rather than
attempting to print. Screen shoting or print screening is
different for a lot of different sorts of computers. If you don’t add a print
screen and don’t feel bad I was in my 20s when I first discovered it, that
wasn’t terribly long ago. Just Google had a print screen or visit your local
library and ask staff how. So the Browse function is quite good on the Google
News Archive. There’s quite good coverage of the Age, though not comprehensive. One
thing I’ve never had much luck at all locating, is locating any articles by
keyword searching. I don’t think these newspapers on the Google News archive
have comprehensively been through that process of optical character recognition.
I don’t think a machine has gone through and read all of the text of the image of
the newspaper. I think you can search for headlines, but that’s about it searches
for names of individuals generally don’t really yield anything. To use this
archive you do need to know what you’re looking for,
you need to have a rough date of publication and keep in mind the issue
you’re after might not be on here. Okay. And keep in mind if you’re after a death
or funeral notice, it might be on here. Search the Ryerson. We get a lot of
inquiries from people writing to us wanting to access notices for the Age,
and we just send them a link from the Google News Archive. So check the Ryerson and check the Google News archive. And if the issue isn’t on there, then write
to us. That’s all I really wanted to say about the Google News Archive I thought
I’d take a few minutes now to talk about a more recent newspaper archive, via our
eResources. So if we go back to our home page … And go to our eResources again. You
just pop in “Factiva”. Okay this Factiva eResource appears
on most of the browse by category pages for most of the state, territory
newspapers. You’ll see it whenever you go browse by category, for I think all of
the states, territories. It appears in the list. Sometimes it’s the only thing the
appears in the list. Now remember there’s not many newspapers online for that post
1954 period due to copyright. A bit of an exception to this is Factiva.
Factiva provides access to more than 32,000 sources including newspapers,
journals, magazines from all over the world from about mid 1990s onwards. It’s
not terribly popular with family historians because it doesn’t provide
access to images or advertisements including personal notices. So you won’t
find a death, funeral, birth, marriage notices in Factiva unless it’s been
written up as an article. If we click on the search page just up here, you’ll be
taken to this search page with a lot of information and a lot of different
fields on it. I’ll just remove these limits not sure why they’re on there. A
lot of people discount Factiva but if you have an actual article published about
a family member from the mid-1990s onwards, or an event that made the papers,
it can actually be quite useful. And searching Factiva looks complicated, it’s not too bad, it’s quite easy once you sort of get the hang of it, although it’s
not a first terribly intuitive. If you pop in any results up here or keywords
up here, you’ll get results from newspapers globally. So if I pop in
a name … And if I click search I’ll get millions
of results. Down here, very vital, we can select the sources of information we
want to search through. You can select country, so we could select Australia. Or
you can select individual titles as well that you want to search through. So you
can see here on the newspapers that are on there. We’ve got things like the
Adelaide Advertiser. And if we click on this little ‘I’ icon,
it gives us an overview of the date range covered by Factiva. And we can see
here that the first issue that appears on Factiva is 12th of January 1998 and
the most recent issue is the 7th of August 2019 so today’s issue. Fully text
searchable on Factiva, you just don’t get those notices. If we know the name of the
newspaper, we can just pop the name in the source box up here. I’m going to
select ‘the Weekly Times’ for Melbourne. That limits our search of this keyword
to that newspaper. We can also limit, enter a date range to limit our search
to articles that appear within a certain period of time. So I could do a search
across five years of this title for that name. And then we just click search. You
might find articles published regarding businesses, articles about a show, an
event such as a party, boarding achievement, accidents, law cases. Don’t
diswrite on Factiva because it doesn’t have birth, death, marriage notices because as we all know newspapers are much more than that . And you can see our list of
results just here. What we’re getting is plain text from the article in this
type font, devoid of pictures. We do also get all of the source data.
Okay, so data publication page everything like that. If I wanted a copy of the
article with all the bells and whistles, I’d need to contact the library.
Either us here at the national library or the relevant state or territory library
who has a copy of the article and ask them about ordering a copy of the
article. A copy of the article by their microfilm or hardcopy collections. So
that’s a bit of an overview of what we offer for Australian content, there’s
much much more available through our eResources, but those are sort of three of
the main ones. I thought now we could take a bit of time to answer some
questions and I’ll have some water. HEATHER: Alright that’s great thanks Shannon. Okay so we just have one question from Megan and she’s asking how comprehensive is
the overseas newspapers in eResources. I think Shannon’s about to talk about that SHANNON: second half of this webinar so if there are no other questions HEATHER: I think we can
probably begin the second part and get right into that Megan thank you. SHANNON: So in
the second half of this learning session, webinar I want to talk about
some of the overseas newspapers that you can also access for free with the
library card. We’re going to go back to our eResources portal, on our home page … Click here… and we can click ‘Newspapers
and Media again’ and we can click ‘Overseas’. Okay and we can see that there
are 37 overseas newspaper resources which we can take a broad look at. You’ll
see that most of them are licenced to resources which means you can access
them remotely for free if you have a National Library of Australia Library
card. Only two of the eResources for newspapers for overseas are
limited to on-site only use, and that includes the early American newspapers
and a collection of Japanese newspapers as well. You might say, you might also
notice that the majority of newspaper eResources tend to be from the UK,
but there’s quite a few newspapers for Asia. Some of the newspapers extend quite
far back to the late 1600s and onwards to the present day to today’s issue.
Today we’ll take a gander at a few databases for the UK but before we get
to that a very small caveat. To really get the most out of searching
through UK newspapers for family history you will need to have some idea what you
are looking for. And often that means tracing your family history in Australia
generally back to a point of arrival of ancestors from the UK, if your ancestors
came from the UK. So questions you might want to investigate are when did your
family arrive into Australia from the UK, where did they arrive from, when were
they born, who did they marry. Do records in Australia such as marriage
certificate or any children’s birth certificates, or newspaper notices on
trove reveal any clues about their life in the UK. Have you been able to find
them listed on any UK records on services such as Ancestry and Find my
Past, such a censuses. And remember you can access Ancestry and Find My Past
library editions for free at most public libraries throughout Australia. And what
was, do you have other details such as occupation. Was your ancestor also likely
to have had the agency to either write to a newspaper, did they have important
positions within that community that might warrant them getting a mention in
the newspaper, were they involved in local council
activities, were they in trouble with the law frequently? Every newspaper, and today
there’s not much of an exception, does love a scandal. All of this information is
quite useful for searching through newspapers. Of course like me you might
only have a very small amount of information about an ancestor’s
life in the UK. My direct Sutton ancestor to arrive
into Australia in 1828 is a bit, a bit of a brick wall to me because he’s from
metropolitan London and he has a name that’s a bit of a nightmare to search in
the UK. Sutton is very common. But once armed with what, whatever information
you do have, the key group of resources that the library provides access to the
viewing digitized newspapers for the UK are the numerous and varied Gale
newspaper databases. So I’m going to go back to the home page and we’ll just in
‘Find a Resource’ type in “Gale” over here. You can see that 39 resources pop up. Not
all of them in newspapers but there are some key ones listed such as ‘Telegraph
Historical Archives’ and ‘British Library Newspapers parts 1 to 5 are available via
eResources. ‘British Library newspapers’ provides access to over 160 titles, both
major and regional from the UK from 1732 through, through to about 1950s. The
British Library newspapers are predominantly from England but also
include home country newspapers from Scotland. Northern Ireland and Wales.
There’s also archives of the London Times. So ‘The Times digital archive’,
‘Sunday Times’. ‘Illustrated London News’ which I find particularly useful for
finding things such as drawings or images of ship’s. Telegraph and punch and
many many more. I can search through all of these on individual Gale newspaper
databases, some of which have vastly different search portals and interfaces
and peculiarities with their search functions. So to give you a bit of an
example if I click on the ’17th to 18th century Burney collection’ … It decides it wants to load. Yeah it’s a
search interface for that… And if we compare that to another Gale resource, the ‘Times Digital Archive’ … Both part of the Gale conglomerate of newspaper databases,
yet they have vastly different search interfaces. I can learn the nuances of
these different databases but we don’t really need to. We can search across all
of the Gale news related databases at once by using a single eResource. So I’m
just going to close that one. I’ll just have that floating around in the background. The “Gale News Vault”… Okay again it’s a licensed resource, you will need that library card to
access… Okay here we are in the Gale news vault page. And you can see all of the
Gale newspaper collections and databases that we can search through listed below
this search bar here. You can limit your search to the various Gale newspaper
collections, or exclude specific databases from your search. You might not
see any benefit to searching the Punch historical archive or The Economist
historical archive, if you’re here for family history purposes, you can just
uncheck or check databases that you like to search through. Up the top
of the screen, and this in part answers that question about comprehensiveness, we can view the list of publications… Okay so a complete list of every single
title on here… Its exhaustive so I won’t spend too much time but you can have a
look through. Or you can browse by location. By clicking that, you’ll get a list of quite
a few countries across the globe. Barbados, Germany, India. Don’t get too
excited for most of them, it’s just one or two issue so ignore these other
places. Most of the newspapers are from the UK. So England, see London and you can
sort of select a specific region… Okay… Oop, too far. There we are. So we’re back on the home page, you have the basic search bar here. We’ve got the advanced search bar, a
few options on that if you’re, if you’re a big fan of advanced searches. I tend to
prefer starting with a basic search and then refining, but that’s my style.
I appreciate yours might be different. What I do recommend doing before you
start searching any newspaper database is take some time looking through the
help pages. So we click ‘Help’, up pops this window which gives us an overview of a
basic search of the archive. Crucially it tells us a difference between a keyword
search, which is the default search of the Gale News Vault versus an entire
document search. Over here we’ve got further more detailed tips on searching and browsing, so more tips on the advanced search function. My favorite bit
in here are the various search tips. So these tips, some of them are quite
involved, some of them look a bit like a mathematical equation but don’t let it
scare you. It’s really all about experimenting and having a play around.
You can’t break these things. Some advanced tips on using the wild card,
what each of these symbol mean, symbols mean. Logical operators, sp
boolean searching using AND OR and NOT. My favorite search function of the Gale
New Vault, the proximity operators which I’ll talk about in a bit more detail
soon. And we can just close up. To form a basic search, just by doing something as simple as entering in a name… Again I like to start broad and refine… Near search field, a search like this using that basic search field, it’s really a
near search. Finds articles within four or fewer words of each other, regardless
of word order. So I might get articles that mention Henry Bartholomew Egbert
Sutton. But I’m also going to get articles that might not be relevant such
as at Sutton prison or on trial Henry Walsh. A search like this also yields
notices such as Sutton beloved, beloved husband Henry, as you might
expect to find in something like a notice. So near searches do certainly
have their uses. And it will of course tend to sort it. You can sort over here
by relevancy, publication date and title… So we’ve got our results for a search of
“Henry Sutton” and near search meaning we’ve found articles whether words Henry
Sutton appears within four or fewer words of each other. You can click on any
of them to view the keyword in context. So our search pops up in green. You can
barely see that one but it’s about somebody that was married at Sutton. So
again, not relevant to mine search for Henry Sutton. If I want to do I
could click to view document here… And view the full page but I won’t do it for
this result. Okay. Under each search result, one of my favorite features of the Gale news vault is the about this publication. This brings up information
about specific newspaper titles. A little bit of an overview of the history in
some cases. Sometimes less, sometimes more. And we can scroll down the page and
hopefully find a search that’s more relevant to our results, to, to my
ancestor. Remember I mentioned Henry Sutton, arrived into Australia in 1828. We can
see here an article from the Old Bailey. Published in 1828. So I’ve tracked down this convict using
records in Australia, including details about his trial and where he was
committed. And we can view the article by just clicking it like that… Click and go to
document. Takes a little while to load… Still just loading. So it should be a bit
more readable in a second. Hopefully. Here we are. Okay again,
clicking and dragging. Like Trove, you’ll see our search terms are highlighted. Some quite interesting features when viewing an article. You can fit the
article the height to get an idea of the length of it, width.
Click on this here to view a full screen. So that brings that up.
Okay across the extent of your screen just like that.. It’s quite nifty. We can adjust the image as well, so have a play around with the, the contrast and
brightness. And of course those features to browse to the next page over here. There’s options at the top of the screen
for printing. Emailing, a function I never use. Downloading, so you can download the
article. We can download the entire page to give you an overview of what we’ll be
getting as an A4. It is useful to click on that. It’s not going to be very useful
if you print the whole thing out on an A4 piece of paper. But there’s options to
cut it up, entire article in four parts, three parts etc. So you can
download it and actually read it. If you do have convict ancestry, you’re very
lucky because it’s often quite good primary sources of information about
them, but it is always worth searching through things like newspapers for
additional details you might not find elsewhere. Even in the transcript of the
trial. For my Henry, who was convicted in 1828, I found articles that mention the
name of his girlfriend and also the fact that he ate a red herring at the house
he then stole from. All very meagre bits of information but still very useful to
add flavor to your family history. If we go back to our, our search page. So
we’ve searched for ‘Henry Sutton’, We could do a phrase search again, just by
enclosing our search terms in quotation marks. Still brings up quite a high
number of results but over here we can limit our results further. So I can find
all the articles that mention Henry Sutton’s trial at the Old Bailey, by
typing that in to ‘Refine Results’… Okay and here we are. And we can see how that search is
formatted up here. So we’ve searched for ‘Henry Sutton’. Any articles that contain
the Henry word Sutton and so it’s doing a boolean and search, and which also
mentioned the Old Bailey. We can also limit by date between before and after
and things like that. We can limit by publication title as well so if you know
the local newspaper in the area where your ancestor lived you can do that. You
can see here the number of articles for the, with search results, or the number of
search results for that particular title sorry. So we’ve got 11 articles about
Henry Sutton published in the Western Daily Press And again like the refining the
results, very useful. And convicts are just one example. You might have a non
convict ancestor and might try searching by using a name as a phrase, the name of
a town an ancestor lived in, a street name, names of children, occupation, etc.
Ok, so that’s phrase searching and refining our results in the Irish
newspaper, the sorry the Gale News Vault. One very cool feature of the Gale News Vault is the proximity searching. So we can do a basic search by popping in
‘Henry Sutton’, which will give us four words proximity. We could do a phrase
search by enclosing the name in quotation marks, which will find those
words in that order as they appear next to each other. But you can have a play
around with the order that words appear in and the number of words that appear
in between those words by using the proximity search functions which are on
those search tips on the help pages. We can search “Henry n2 Sutton”… This will give us results for articles where those two words occur in a newspaper article
within two or few, or fewer words of each other in either order. We could get
results for Henry Sutton, Henry Dahlo Sutton, Henry prisoner Sutton in Craven
village or we could get surname first, Sutton beloved Henry etc. A higher the number value after the N, the more words will appear in between the words
‘Henry’ and ‘Sutton’. The other proximity search function uses the letter W and a number. If I search “Henry w2 Sutton”, I’ll get
results for articles where the words Sutton appears within two or fewer words
after the word Henry. If Henry had a middle name such as Henry Darlow Sutton
this search will still pick him up, but with a W proximity search you won’t
get that reverse word order. So the word order is locked as Sutton following
Henry. For both the N and W searches, the higher
the number value the more words that will be in between our search terms but
they are different searches. The The N proximity search allows for that reverse order.
The W proximity sets locks in the word order we’ve entered. I do often find
it’s better than start broad and refine, unless you’re quite familiar with UK
newspapers it’s difficult at first to know what you’re searching for, when
something might have been reported and in which particular title. You do after a
little while of searching these databases start to see trends. You might
see the same very local title appearing over and over again. And then you can start narrowing your search. But it is best I find this to start broad
unless you’re very familiar. We’re a bit over time so I hope you don’t mind staying with me but if you do need to leave I won’t be offended. Remember this
will be recorded and made available on our website. That’s all I want to say
about the Gale News Vault. Have a play around with it. One of the final eResources I did want to take a look through is the Irish newspaper archive. So
go back to our home page, go to our eResources,
type in “Irish newspaper archive”. Again it’s licensed, you need to log in with
your library card. And we click through reading the terms and conditions,
widely important… and here we are … It’s taking a little while to load isn’t it… Sorry it’s very slow at the moment. Okay
here we are. Okay, the Irish newspaper archives is
largest online database of Irish newspapers in the world. It dates from
1763 to the present and includes a mix of out of print titles and current titles,
providing word searchable access to articles on full pages. It contains over
6 million pages from over 500,000 issues. The Irish Newspaper Archive search
page looks pretty much identical to the Sydney Morning Herald database earlier.
And the search functions are very much the same, so I won’t repeat them or go through browsing or searching again. You can pop in the name as near search or as a phrase and see what happens… Okay, and it will bring up articles just
like with the Sydney Morning Herald archives. So I won’t spend too much, too much time on it. These results are for one of my wife’s
distant ancestors, not in the direct line. A very distant uncle who married a lady
of high social standing as you could probably tell by the multiple middle
names, and then they went through a very bitter divorce proceeding which press
had a field day with. But to be perfectly honest I’ve never had a great deal of
luck finding mention of too many early ancestors of mine in the Irish newspaper
archives, from say the early to mid 1800s. Even those who were reasonably
middle-class but that might just be me being unlucky, so do you have a search
through if you have Irish ancestors. That’s pretty much us for today. We’ve
got so many eResources in our collection I’ve already gone over an hour.
There’s too many for me to run through in this one session. But as we wrap
things up I’d just like to briefly skim over a few of them. So if we go back to
our slide. National Library of New Zealand’s Papers Past is it freely
searchable online archive of newspapers, provides access to over five and a half
million pages of 19th and 20th century newspapers from New Zealand and the
Pacific. As well as newspapers you will also find digitized letters and diaries,
magazines and parliamentary papers. Much like Trove, and this was pure
coincidence each newspaper on Papers Past has its
own page containing information about the individual titles. New content is
always being added to Papers Past but if you cannot find what you were looking
for online, particularly if it’s more recent newspaper, it will likely mean to
access a hard copy or the microfilm of the newspaper. We have quite a
collection of newspapers from New Zealand and the Pacific but you might have to
contact the National Library of New Zealand. The Wales Welsh Newspapers is a
free online resource from the National Library of Wales. It lets you
certain access over 1 million pages from nearly a hundred and twenty newspaper
publication’s, generally up to 1910. The search interface is excellent on this
one. If you have Welsh ancestors having play around on there. Another free one
search, this time for American newspapers run by the Library of Congress
Chronicling America provides access to over 5.2 million pages from over 800
individual titles from 32 states. And the period covered is 1836 to 1922. Back to
Australia Libraries Tasmania also has a portal for accessing historic Tasmanian
newspapers and indexes. It includes Tasmanian indexes which kicks off in
1966, which provides an index to the Mercury, the Examiner and the Advocate and many other Tasmanian journals and regional newspapers. Most articles are
indexed but there is there are some exclusions, including routine sports
reports and results or reports of courts proceedings. Again in the absence of
actual digitized content, indexes are a boon when you can find them but there
aren’t many out there. We briefly saw it before when I am search for the Sydney
Morning Herald in our eResources with a library card, via our eResources. You can
access a Sydney Morning Herald and the Age library editions which provide
digital coverage of both titles from 2006 right up to today’s issue. Browsing,
searching etc of this database is pretty much the same as for the Sydney Morning
Herald archives. It might not seem terribly useful for those of us doing
our family history today but you might have a more recent event that made the
papers and I suppose one day we’ll all be somebody’s family history. But that’s
pretty much it for today’s session we did have some time for questions at the
end, if there are any that have come through. HEATHER: Okay Shannon, so we’ve just got a couple of questions and just mindful of the time, that’s been a great webinar and I’m sure that a
lot of you have found some information that you didn’t know previously,
which is great. So we just have a few questions here that very quickly Shannon
or just um answer those for you. SHANNON: Hopefully, no promises HEATHER: Okay so first one is from Leanne and she asks are there any Canadian newspapers? SHANNON: Not via our eResources I believe but it’s worth probably contacting the, the
National Library of Canada to check what’s available. HEATHER: Okay so I’m moving on to the next question is
from Helen and she says how does the Gale News Vault compare to the holdings in
the subscription British Newspapers Archive? SHANNON: I haven’t got a comprehensive
list to cross-check with, I’m and I shouldn’t be saying, this a massive fan
of the British newspaper archive. We don’t subscribe to it unfortunately but
if you are doing your family history for the UK I do recommend taking out a month
subscription for it. Unfortunately I don’t have them that information
available. HEATHER: That’s great, thanks Shannon. And then we have Nev, who asks, how do you order a printed copy of an article or search? SHANNON: Ok great question. So you can
go to our home page. If you can find a newspaper title in our catalog, or if I
go maybe something we haven’t talked about too much… Okay if you can find a
newspaper title in our catalog just make sure you check the date range covered, because titles change all the time. It was later known as The Observer. But
we’ll know what you’re after if you just put the date in. Go to our catalog
search for the title of a newspaper in there, go down the bottom to order a copy,
click Add to Cart. You’ll be taken to our copies direct order form and then you
just fill out the details. So which issue you’re after, which page, a description of
the article, all that is useful. If you’re having trouble doing that… right down on the bottom of our home
page is a link to our copies direct service. Okay so copiesdirect.nla.gov.au, and you can click describe the item and then select newspaper from the drop
down menu, select order form and fill out the details such as the title here, date
of publication and other details about the serial that you wish to order from.
So details about the article we need at least a date of publication to be
able to track it down for you. HEATHER: Okay so I think Shannon that that’s us. Rhe only other question
very very quickly just with regard to going over all newspapers, is eResources for Germany? SHANNON: I’m not sure off the top of my head sorry. We do have quite a good collection of German newspapers, especially for the Pacific in
the library but I’m not entirely sure about eResources. HEATHER: So Deborah, that might be one for Ask a Librarian, we might be able to have a look into that a little bit more for you… Okay so we just, okay so that
comes to the end of our webinar you can see here on the screen in front of you,
after Shannon has giving you some great information, there are some other
webinars where you can learn about things, about other subjects sorry. Some
of those that are on our YouTube channel and there are also some great family
history webinar recordings that Shannon mentioned at the beginning of his
presentation and we have our ask a family history librarian question coming
up, sorry our webinar coming up. And if you do have any further questions feel free to send us an inquiry drop us a line through Ask a Librarian.

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