HuffPost + Open Markets Heartland Forum

HuffPost + Open Markets Heartland Forum


STUDENT-ATHLETES. THE FORUM WILL BEGIN IN FIVE MINUTES. PLEASE TAKE YOUR SEATS. THE FORUM WILL BEGIN IN FIVE MINUTES.>>>BE SURE TO SILENCE YOUR PHONE AND KNOW THAT ANY AUDIO OR VIDEO RECORDING OF THIS EVENT IS PROHIBITED.>>THANK YOU FOR ATTENDING TODAY’S FORUM. PLEASE SILENCE YOUR PHONE. THE PROGRAM WILL BEGIN SHORTLY.>>BE SURE TO SILENCE YOUR PHONE AND KNOW THAT ANY AUDIO OR VIDEO RECORDING OF THIS EVENT IS PROHIBITED.>>WELCOME THE PRESIDENT OF THE IOWA FARMER’S UNION, AARON LEHMAN.>>THANK YOU. THANK YOU. WELCOME TO THE HEARTLAND FORUM. MY NAME IS AARON LEHMAN AND IN ADDITION TO BEING A FIFTH GENERATION FAMILY FARMER FROM CENTRAL IOWA, I SERVE AS PRESIDENT OF THE IOWA FARMER’S UNION. WE ARE THRILLED TO BRING TOGETHER TODAY THE LEADING DEMOCRATIC PRESIDENTIAL CONTENDERS WITH FARMERS AND RURAL RESIDENTS TO DISCUSS IDEAS FOR SOLVING A RANGE OF ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL CHALLENGES FACING OUR COMMUNITIES AND BEYOND. IOWA FARMERS UNION OPEN MARKETS INSTITUTE ACTION FUND, HUFF POST, AND THE STORM LIGHT TIMES ARE PROUD SPONSORS OF THIS EVENT, AND WE COULDN’T BE AT A BETTER PLACE THAN HERE IN STORM LAKE, IOWA. [ APPLAUSE ] AND WE COULDN’T BE HERE AT A BETTER TIME. THE CURRENT FARM ECONOMY DRIVEN BY CORPORATE CONSOLIDATION ANDING A RA BUSINESS AND A SELF-IMPOSED TRADE DEBACLE IS FORCING THOUSANDS OF FARMERS CLOSER TO CRISIS AND THE SYMPTOMS ARE ALL AROUND US. FARM INCOME HAS BEEN DROPPING FOR OVER FIVE YEARS AND THE VAST MAJORITY OF FARMERS THIS YEAR ARE LOSING MONEY AND FARM EQUITY AGAIN. THE AVERAGE AGE OF THE IOWA FARMER IS OVER 259 YEARS OLD AND THE NEXT GENERATION HAS FEWER OPTIONS. MEAN WHILE, FARMERS ARE BEING CALLED UPON TO DO MORE AND MORE TO HELP CLEAN UP IOWA’S WATERS WITH FEW INCENTIVES TO DO IT AND FARMERS ARE FACING CLIMATE ISSUES THAT THREATEN OUR WHOLE AGRICULTURE SYSTEM. BUT AT THE SAME TIME, FARMERS CONTINUE TO FIND CREATIVE AND INNOVATIVE WAYS TO MAKE THEIR FARMS AND THEIR COMMUNITIES BETTER PLACES. CONSUMERS CONTINUE TO SHOW THEY WANT FOOD RAISED IN A HUMANE AND SUSTAINABLE WAY, AND THAT A SOUND FOOD SYSTEM LEADS TO HEALTHY LOCAL COMMUNITIES. FARMERS ARE NOT JUST DEALING WITH THESE PROBLEMS. FARMERS ARE THE SOLUTIONS TO THESE PROBLEMS. [ APPLAUSE ] AND THAT IS WHY OUR POWER TO CREATE SOLUTIONS IS MORE THAN ENOUGH TO MEET THESE CHALLENGES. WE HOPE THIS EVENT SERVES AS A JUMPING-OFF POINT FOR DISCUSSIONS WITH THE CANDIDATES ABOUT THE FUTURE OF RURAL AMERICA. WE’RE GRATEFUL TO THE CANDIDATES WHO ARE HERE TODAY AND WE LOOK FORWARD TO HEARING FROM ALL THE CANDIDATES DOWN THE ROAD. THE CHALLENGE FOR US IN THE AUDIENCE TODAY IS TO KEEP AN ACTIVE ENGAGEMENT, IN A REAL CIVIC CONVERSATION WITH ALL THE CANDIDATES, THE MEDIA, AND THE REST OF OUR SOCIETY. WE SHOULD START WITH OUR NEIGHBORS IN OUR COMMUNITIES TO ENSURE THAT THE VALUES OF RURAL IOWA AND FAMILY FARMS STAY IN THE FOREFRONT. THANK YOU FOR JOINING US TODAY. AND I’D LIKE TO INTRODUCE U.S. SECRETARY OF AGRICULTURE AND IOWA GOVERNOR TOM VILSACK. [ APPLAUSE ] >>THANK YOU, FOLKS. THANK YOU. THANK YOU VERY MUCH. THANK YOU. I HAVE 2:30. 2:26. I’M HERE TODAY FOR A VERY SPECIFIC REASON. I’M GOING TO CAUCUS. I’M GOING TO SUPPORT A CANDIDATE. I WANT A CANDIDATE THAT’S GOING TO ARTICULATE A VISION FOR RURAL AMERICA, SPECIFICALLY FOR RURAL AMERICA. AND I’LL GIVE YOU THREE REASONS WHY THAT’S IMPORTANT. FIRST OF ALL, IF A CANDIDATE CAN PASSIONATELY DISCUSS A VISION FOR RURAL AMERICA THAT IS BRIGHT AND HOPEFUL, THEN I KNOW THAT HE OR SHE UNDERSTANDS THE CHALLENGES THAT WE HAVE FACED AND THE ENORMOUS OPPORTUNITIES THAT EXIST IN RURAL PLACES WITH RURAL PEOPLE. IT IS, AFTER ALL, THE PLACE WHERE MOST OF OUR FOOD COMES FROM, WHERE A LOT OF THE WATER THAT WE DRINK IS IMPACTED, WHERE MOST OF THE FEED SOCKS FOR ENERGY COMES FROM. IT IS A PLACE THAT DISPROPORTIONATELY SENDS SONS AND DAUGHTERS TO THE MILITARY. IT IS A CRITICALLY IMPORTANT PLACE TO THE FUTURE OF OUR COUNTRY. SO I WANT TO KNOW WHAT THE VISION IS FOR GROWING AND REVITALIZING RURAL AMERICA. I ALSO WANT TO KNOW NOT THE PLAN, NOT THE PROGRAM, NOT THE 25-POINTS OF THINGS WE’RE GOING TO DO, BECAUSE WE HEAR CANDIDATES TALK ABOUT THAT ALL THE TIME. WE HAD TRUMP TALK ABOUT HOW SUPPORTIVE HE WAS WITH THE ETHANOL INDUSTRY. WELL, WE STILL DON’T HAVE E-15, WE’RE STILL WAITING FOR IT, AND MEANWHILE, HIS EPA IS UNDERCUTTING THE INDUSTRY BY ESSENTIALLY GRANTING WAIVERS TO, QUOTE, SMALL REFINERIES THAT ARE OWNED BY EXXON AND OTHER LARGE OIL COMPANIES. WE DON’T NEED PLANS. WE NEED A VISION THAT WILL DRIVE AND PRIORITIZE WHAT AN ADMINISTRATION DOES. AND FINALLY, WITH A VISION WE’LL UNDERSTAND THE HEART AND THE SOUL OF OUR CANDIDATE. YOU KNOW, FRANKLY, MOST PEOPLE I KNOW VOTE WITH THEIR HEART AND THEIR SOUL. THEY OBVIOUSLY DIDN’T VOTE THE LAST TIME WITH THEIR BRAINS. [ APPLAUSE ] WE ARE PROUD OF OUR COUNTRY. AND WE ONCE AGAIN WANT TO BE PROUD OF OUR COUNTRY’S LEADER. SO TODAY BEGINS A PROCESS IN RURAL AMERICA HAVING A CONVERSATION AND DISCUSSION ABOUT AN INCREDIBLY IMPORTANT PLACE. AND I WILL TELL YOU THAT FOR MY PURPOSES, I HAVE “20/20” VISION, AND THAT VISION IS WINNING IN NOVEMBER OF 2020. THANK YOU VERY MUCH. [ APPLAUSE ] >>BRING THIS DOWN A LITTLE. GOOD AFTERNOON. MY NAME IS HILLARY FREY. I’M THE EXECUTIVE EDITOR OF HUFF POST. AND WE ARE SO THRILLED TO BE HERE TODAY TO BE PART OF THIS CONVERSATION ABOUT ISSUES AFFECTING RURAL COMMUNITIES. BEFORE WE GET STARTED, I HAVE SOME THANKS TO SAY. FIRST TO OUR PARTNERS, THE STORM LAKE TIMES, THE IOWA FARMERS UNION, AND OPEN MARKETS, AS WELL AS OUR HOSTS TODAY, BUENA VISTA UNIVERSITY FOR HELPING US PUT TOGETHER THIS EVENT. I WANT TO SAY A SPECIAL THANK YOU TO THE STORM LAKE POLICE DEPARTMENT FOR PROVIDING SECURITY TODAY AND THE STORM LAKE COMMUNITY. THANK YOU. THANKS TO YOU ALL FOR SUPPORTING THIS EVENT AND BEING HERE TODAY. ALSO, THANKS TO OUR SPECIAL AUDIENCE MEMBERS TODAY WHO HAVE PREPARED SOME PERSONAL QUESTIONS FOR THE CANDIDATES, AND WE’LL GET TO THOSE A LITTLE LATER IN THE PROGRAM. AND WITH THAT, A HUGE THANK YOU TO THE CANDIDATES WHO HAVE JOINED US TODAY. MASSACHUSETTS SENATOR ELIZABETH WA WARREN, FORMER HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT SECRETARY JULIO CASTRO, FORMER CONGRESSMAN JOHN DELANEY, MINNESOTA SENATOR AMY KLOBUCAR AND REPRESENTATIVE TIM RYAN OF OHIO. WITHOUT FURTHER THEY, I WILL BRING OUT OUR MODERATORS. THE FIRST DOES NOT EVEN NEED AN INTRODUCTION FOR THIS AUDIENCE, STORM LAKE’S OWN PULITZER PRIZE-WINNING JOURNALIST ART COLLIN, THE “STORM LAKE TIMES,” AMANDA CAREFUL. HUFF POST WASHINGTON BUREAU CHIEF AIMMANDA TERKEL. AND HUFF POST SENIOR REPORTER ZACH CARTER. THANK YOU SO MUCH AND ENJOY THE PROGRAM.>>WELL, THANK YOU, HILLARY, AND WELCOME TO ALL OF YOU TO STORM LAKE, THE CITY BEAUTIFUL AND BUENA VISTA UNIVERSITY. WE’RE VERY EXCITED THAT YOU AND THESE FANTASTIC CANDIDATES ARE HERE TODAY. AS HILLARY SAID, I’M ART CULLEN, EDITOR OF THE “STORM LAKE TIMES,” AND ZACH AND AMANDA WILL BE ASKING QUESTIONS ALONG WITH THE AUDIENCE TODAY. WE’LL TRY AND MOVE IT ALONG AS QUICKLY AS POSSIBLE SO THE CANDIDATES CAN COVER AS MUCH GROUND AS THEY CAN AND WE CAN GET IN AS MANY AUDIENCE QUESTIONS AS POSSIBLE. SO WITHOUT FURTHER ADO, I’D LIKE TO INTRODUCE OUR FIRST GUEST, AND WE’RE VERY THANKFUL THAT SENATOR ELIZABETH WARNER FROM MASSACHUSETTS CAN BE HERE. [ APPLAUSE ] THANK YOU, SENATOR. THANK YOU.>>THANK YOU SO MUCH.>>WELL, SENATOR, THANK YOU FOR COMING TODAY. IT’S GREAT TO SEE YOU AGAIN.>>THANK YOU.>>YOU WERE HERE IN SKRAN.>>I WAS.>>VERY LARGE AND ENTHUSIASTIC CROWD HERE ON A BEAUTIFUL JANUARY DAY IN IOWA. AND WE’RE SO HAPPY TO HAVE YOU BACK. AND IF YOU COULD JUST GIVE US A COUPLE MINUTES JUST TO TELL US WHAT YOUR VISION IS FOR RURAL AMERICA AND YOUR PRESIDENTIAL CAMPAIGN.>>SO I WANT AN AMERICA THAT WORKS NOT JUST FOR THOSE AT THE TOP BUT AN AMERICA THAT WORKS FOR EVERYONE. AND WE HAVE A PROBLEM RIGHT NOW. WE HAVE A PROBLEM ALL THE WAY ACROSS, AND THAT IS THIS GOVERNMENT IN WASHINGTON WORKS BETTER AND BETTER FOR THINNER AND THINNER SLICE AT THE TOP. AND THAT’S FELT DIRECTLY IN RURAL AMERICA. A GENERATION AGO, 37 CENTS OUT OF EVERY FOOD DOLLAR WENT INTO A FARMER’S POCKET. TODAY IT’S 15 CENTS. AND ONE OF THE PRINCIPAL REASONS FOR THAT HAS BEEN CONCENTRATION INNI INAGRA BUSINESS. YOU HAVE THESE GIANT CORPORATIONS MAKING BIGGER AND BIGGER PROFITS FOR THEMSELVES, THEIR EXECUTIVES, THEIR INVESTORS, AND THEY’RE PUTTING THE SQUEEZE ON FAMILY FARMS, ON SMALL FARMS. THEY’RE DOING IT ON THE BUY END, ON THE SELL END, THROUGH VERTICAL INTEGRATION. I WANT TO SEE ENFORCEMENT OF OUR ANTITRUST LAWS CALLING FOR THE BREAKUP OF THESE ENTITIES. AND BREAK UP SO THAT THEY NOT ONLY DON’T HAVE THAT KIND OF ECONOMIC POWER, SO THAT THEY’RE WIPING OUT COMPETITION, SO THEY’RE TAKING ALL THE PROFITS FOR THEMSELVES AND MAKING IT UNSUSTAIN AABLE FOR OUR FARMS B ALSO BREAK UP SO THEY DON’T HAVE THAT KIND OF POLITICAL POWER. WE HAVE A WASHINGTON THAT KOWTOWS TO THOSE WITH MONEY AND INFLUENCE, AND WE HAVE TO FIGHT P BACK BECAUSE WE LIVE IF A DEMOCRACY, AND IT’S UP TO ALL OF US TO DECIDE WHO OUR GOVERNMENT WORKS FOR, WHO OUR COUNTRY WORKS FOR. I BELIEVE IN AN AMERICA THAT WORKS FOR EVERYBODY.>>THANK YOU, SENATOR.>>THAT’S WHAT I BELIEVE.>>AND SINCE I’M A LOCAL, I GET TO ASK THE FIRST QUESTION. SENATOR, AS AARON NOTED, FARM INCOME IS DOWN BY HALF SINCE 2013.>>YEP.>>IOWA FARMERS ARE ABOUT TO LOSE MONEY FOR THE SIXTH STRAIGHT YEAR. CORN AND SOYBEAN MARKETS ARE IN THE TANK. AG LOAN DELINQUENCIES ARE AS HIGH AS THEY’VE BEEN SINCE THE FARM CRISIS OF THE MID-1980s. SUICIDE, ESPECIALLY AMONG DAIRY FARMERS IN WISCONSIN, ARE AT THEIR HIGHEST LEVEL SINCE THEN TOO. FARMERS NEED RELIEF NOW BECAUSE THEIR TRADE DISASTER CHECK, THAT TRUMP BUMP, IS ALREADY SPENT. EQUITY IS BEING LOST AS WE SPEAK. WHAT CAN WE DO NOW URGENTLY TO PROVIDE IMMEDIATE FARM INCOME RELIEF IN WHAT IS QUICKLY BECOMING AN EMERGENCY?>>YEAH. SO LET’S START WITH THE FACT THAT WE HAVE JUST HAD A NATURAL DISASTER SEEN LIVESTOCK DROWN, GRAIN THAT HAS BEEN STORED DESTROYED, FARMERS WHO ARE NOT GOING TO BE ABLE TO PLAN THEIR FIELDS BECAUSE THE LAND IS JUST TOO SOAKED, AND THAT AS AMERICANS, WE REACH OUT TO ALL OF OUR CITIZENS WHEN A NATURAL DISASTER HITS. WE PASS DISASTER RELIEF TO HELP ANYONE WHO’S BEEN HIT BY A NATURAL DISASTER, AND THAT MEANS IMMEDIATELY GETTING HELP TO FARM COUNTRY. THAT’S NUMBER ONE. BUT NUMBER TWO IS WE HAVE TO TREAT THIS CRISIS SERIOUSLY. AND THAT MEANS WE’VE GOT TO BE WILLING TO OFFER HELP THAT’S MEANINGFUL NOW. NOW, I TALK ABOUT THE BIG CORPORATIONS. I JUST WANT TO MAKE A PITCH ON THIS. WE’VE GOT TO START FIGHTING BACK AGAINST THEM BECAUSE THE PROBLEM RIGHT NOW IN WASHINGTON IS NOT ONLY IS THERE NO HELP FOR FARMERS, IT’S THAT WASHINGTON IS ON THE SIDE OF MAKING IT WORSE DAY BY DAY, THE JUSTICE DEPARTMENT AND THE MONSANTO BEAR, WHEN THEY WANT TO MERGE, THE JUSTICE DEPARTMENT STEPPED UP, HAD A REPORT, SAID THIS IS GOING TO BE REALLY BAD FOR FARMERS, AND YET WHAT DID THEY DO? THEY APPROVED OF THE MERGER. AND THAT JUST MADE EVERYTHING HARDER. 20 YEARS AGO, 600 DIFFERENT OUTFITS WERE SELLING SEEDS. TODAY BASICALLY IT’S SIX. AND THAT MEANS THERE’S NOBODY WHO HAS THE COMMITTEE ON PRICE, THE DIVERSITY GOES AWAY THAT FARMERS MAY WANT. SAME KIND OF THING HAPPENS ON THE OTHER END. AND THIS IS THE PART ABOUT RIGHT NOW. YES, CONGRESS COULD ACT RIGHT NOW, GET SOME RELIEF TO FARM COUNTRY, BUT PART OF IT IS TO STAND UP AND FIGHT BACK. FOR FAR TOO LONG THE FOLKS WHO ARE THE GIANTS IN THE INDUSTRY JUST KEEP CALLING THE SHOTS. AND THIS ADMINISTRATION AND FOR FAR TOO LONG, OUR FEDERAL GOVERNMENT HAS GONE ALONG WITH THAT. SO I THINK IT’S ABOUT STANDING OUR GROUND RIGHT NOW, RAISING OUR VOICES AND FIGHTING BACK.>>THANK YOU.>>MM-HMM. [ APPLAUSE ] >>SO, SENATOR.>>YES.>>IOWA IS ONE OF THREE STATES THAT PERMANENTLY TAKES AWAY THE RIGHT TO VOTE FOR PEOPLE WHO HAVE BEEN INCARCERATED, ALTHOUGH THE STATE IS LOOK AGENT CHANGING THAT. YOU SUPPORT ENFRANCHISEMENT AND A CONSTITUTIONAL RIGHT TO VOTE. WHERE DO YOU STAND ON THE RIGHT OF PEOPLE TO VOTE EVEN WHILE THEY’RE SERVING A SENTENCE? THIS HAPPENED IN MAINE AND VERMONT IN 2000. DO YOU SUPPORT FELONS VOTING EVEN WHILE THEY’RE SERVING THEIR SENTENCE?>>ONCE SOMEONE HAS PAID THEIR DEBT TO SOCIETY, THEY’RE OUT THERE EXPECTED TO PAY TAXES, EXPECTED TO ABIDE BY THE LAW, THEY’RE EXPECTED TO SUPPORT THEMSELVES AND THEIR FAMILIES. I THINK THAT MEANS THEY GET A RIGHT TO VOTE. WHILE THEY’RE STILL INCARCERATED, I THINK IT’S A DIFFERENT QUESTION, AND I THINK THAT’S SOMETHING THAT WE COULD HAVE MORE CONVERSATION ABOUT. I THINK WHERE WE NEED TO HAVE THE FIGHT RIGHT NOW IS ON FELONY — >>RIGHT NOW YOU DON’T HAVE A POSTION ON IT?>>I THINK WE NEED FELONY REFRANCHISEMENT WHEN PEOPLE HAVE HAD A CHANCE, WHEN THEY’VE SERVED THEIR DEBT TO SOCIETY.>>OKAY. THANK YOU.>>SO THE END OF BARACK OBAMA’S PRESIDENCY, THE DEMOCRATIC PARTY WAS IN ITS WORTH ELECTORAL POSITION SINCE THE CIVIL WAR. REPUBLICANS CONTROLLED ALL THREE BRANCHES OF GOVERNMENT, BOTH CHAMBERS OF CONGRESS, 33 GOVERNORS MANSIONS AND OVER 900 SEATS IN STATE LEGISLATURES.>>BOY, THIS IS FUN.>>SO HERE IN IOWA, THEY’VE HAD A REPUBLICAN GOVERNOR SINCE 2011, AND EVEN AFTER A PRETTY GOOD MIDTERM ELECTION THEY STILL CONTROLLED THE STATE LEGISLATURE. WHAT POLICY FAILURES FROM THE OBAMA ADMINISTRATION CONTRIBUTED TO THAT POLITICAL COLLAPSE AND HOW WOULD YOU PREVENT THEM AS PRESIDENT?>>SO, LOOK, I THINK WE — THIS IS WHAT I THINK 2020 IS GOING TO BE ALL ABOUT, WHO GOVERNMENT WORKS FOR. WE WATCH IT IN TERMS OF CONCENTRATION IN BIG AGRA BUSINESS. YOU CAN WATCH IT IN SECTOR AFTER SECTOR. BUT ALSO IN THE FUNDAMENTAL QUESTION ABOUT HOW WE MAKE INVESTMENTS IN THIS COUNTRY. SO, FOR EXAMPLE, I HAVE PROPOSED A WEALTH TAX. I THINK THE TOP ONE-TENTH OF 1% SHOULD PAY A 2% TAX ON THE AMOUNT OF WEALTH THEY HAVE IN EXCESS OF $50 MILLION. [ APPLAUSE ] YEAH. AND IF WE DID THAT, I JUST WANT TO BE CLEAR WHAT WE COULD DO WITH THAT MONEY. WE COULD PAY FOR UNIVERSAL CHILD CARE, PRE-K AND PRE-PRE-K FOR EVERY ONE OF OUR BABIES AGE ZERO TO 5 IN THIS COUNTRY AND STILL HAVE $2 TRILLION LEFT OVER. $2 TRILLION TO INVEST IN AMERICA. $2 TRILLION TO INVEST IN OUR TOWNS AND OUR CITIES. $2 TRILLION TO INVEST IN SMALL TOWNS. THINK ABOUT IT THIS WAY. I HAVE A BIG HOUSING BILL. WE NEED TO BUILD NOT ONLY IN CITIES, WE NEED TO BE BUILDING IN RURAL AMERICA. WE NEED HOUSING. YOUNG FAMILIES NEED HOUSING. THEY NEED HEALTH CARE TO BE ABLE TO SUPPORT COMMUNITY HOSPITALS. IF COMMUNITY HOSPITALS CLOSE BECAUSE THEY HAVE TOO MUCH UNCOMPENSATED CARE, YOUNG FAMILIES CAN’T MOVE INTO COMMUNITIES. THEY CAN’T GO THERE IF THEY DON’T HAVE A PLACE WHERE BABIES CAN BE BORN AND THEY CAN TAKE PEOPLE WHEN THEY GET SICK. THESE ARE THE INVESTMENTS. WE NEED TO REDUCE THE STUDENT LOAN DEBT BURDEN SO PEOPLE DON’T HAVE TO MOVE TO BIG CITIES WHERE THE WAGES ARE HIGHER. SO I WILL NOW LINK IT UP TO YOUR QUESTION, OKAY IN THE FOLLOWING SENSE BECAUSE THIS IS WHAT I THINK IS WRONG. FOR FAR TOO LONG WE HAVE NOT GOTTEN OUT AND MADE THE CASE FOR INVESTING NOT IN THE TOP BUT INVESTING IN THE REST OF AMERICA. WE MAKE THAT CASE, I BELIEVE WE’RE GOING TO WIN IN 2020 AND THAT’S UP AND DOWN, AND EVEN MORE IMPORTANTLY, IT MEANS THAT WE WILL BUILD THE KIND OF MOMENTUM, THE KIND OF GRASSROOTS MOVEMENT THAT COME JANUARY 2021, WE’VE REALLY MADE THE CHANGES WE NEED TO MAKE BECAUSE UNLESS WE MAKE BIG STRUCTURAL CHANGES, WE MUST MAKE THOSE BIG STRUCTURAL CHANGES WHEN WE WIN, TO MAKE SURE THAT NO ONE LIKE DONALD TRUMP EVER GETS ELECTED PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES AGAIN. [ APPLAUSE ] >>OKAY. THANK YOU, SENATOR. NOW WE’RE GOING TO TURN TO THE AUDIENCE. BARBARA LEECH, A FARMER UNIONS MEMBER FROM DAVENPORT, IOWA. HELLO FROM THE QUAD CITIES.>>HEY, BARBARA.>>HI. SENATOR WARREN, IN THE 1970s, I WAS PART OF A COALITION THAT HELPED THE STATE LEGISLATURE DECIDE THAT FOREIGN OWNERSHIP WASN’T ALLOWED.>>YEP.>>HERE. IN THE 1980s IN THE FARM CRISIS, THE LEGISLATURE CHANGED THAT. NOW IT IS NOT JUST FARM LAND BUT FOREIGN OWNERSHIP OF OUR WHOLE AGRICULTURAL SECTOR. THERE’S CHINESE SMITHFIELD, GERMANY’S BAER, BRAZIL’S JBS. WE CAN MAKE A LONG LIST. MY QUESTION TO YOU IS WHAT WOULD YOU DO ABOUT IT? WHAT CAN BE DONE?>>SO I’VE ALREADY PUT OUT A PROPOSAL THAT SAYS THE REST OF THE COUNTRY SHOULD FOLLOW IOWA’S LEAD, AND THAT IS NO FOREIGN COUNTRY SHOULD BE ABLE TO PURCHASE FARM LAND IN AMERICA. [ APPLAUSE ] THINK ABOUT IT THIS WAY. RIGHT NOW THE FARM LAND THAT’S ALREADY IN FOREIGN OWNERSHIP, IF IT WERE ALL PUT IN ONE PLACE, IS THE SIZE OF VIRGINIA. AND THAT NOT ONLY CREATES A PROBLEM FOR FARMING COMMUNITIES AND FOR OUR FOOD SECURITY, IT CREATES A THREAT TO THE SAFETY AND THE DEFENSE OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. AND I THINK THAT’S HOW WE HAVE TO LOOK AT OUR FARM AND FARM COMMUNITIES. THANK YOU, BARBARA.>>THANK YOU.>>AND OUR NEXT QUESTION FROM THE AUDIENCE IS FROM CARTER McANDREWS WHO’S A BEGINNING FARMER FROM EASTERN IOWA. GO, HAWKS.>>ALL RIGHT.>>HI.>>HEY, THERE. THE AVERAGE AGE OF FARMERS IN THE U.S. IS ABOUT 60 YEARS. THERE ARE YOUNG PEOPLE WHO WISH TO FARM BUT WHO FACE SERIOUS BARRIERS. THE NATIONAL YOUNG FARMERS COALITION SURVEYED YOUNG FARMERS IN 2017 AND FOUND TWO TOP CHALLENGES WE FACE ARE LAND ACCESS AND CRUSHING STUDENT LOAN DEBT.>>YES.>>HOW WOULD YOU WORK TO LESSEN THESE BARRIERS TO ENTRY FOR BEGINNING FARMERS?>>OKAY. SO THANK YOU FOR THE QUESTION, CARLY. YOU KNOW, I SHOULD ALSO SAY ON THIS, I WAS BORN AND RAISED IN OKLAHOMA. MY FAMILY COMES FROM A LITTLE TOWN CALLED WITUMKA, OKLAHOMA. MY GRANDFATHER RAN THE LOCAL HARDWARE STORE, WHICH WAS KIND OF AN ALL-PURPOSE STORE IN A SMALL TOWN. THEN IT WAS TAKEN OVER BY MY UNCLE JACK. AND I’VE SEEN WHAT HAPPENS WHEN YOUNG FAMILIES CAN’T MOVE INTO A TOWN, CAN’T FARM THE LAND AROUND IT. WE EVENTUALLY — THE STORE WENT OUT, THE TOWN HAS BEEN UNDER ENORMOUS STRESS, HAS SHRUNK. WE HAVE TO MAKE INVESTMENTS IN OUR PEOPLE. AND I’M SO GLAD TO HEAR YOU PICK UP ON STUDENT LOANS. THIS IS ONE OF THE MOST SERIOUS PROBLEMS FACING AMERICA TODAY. WE’RE CRUSHING AN ENTIRE GENERATION OF YOUNG PEOPLE WITH STUDENT LOAN DEBT. [ APPLAUSE ] THE STUDENT LOAN DEBT BURDEN IN AMERICA IS NOW $1.5 TRILLION. AND THE INTEREST RATE, THE FEES RUNNING ON IT, THE NUMBER WHO ARE IN DEFAULT, MEANS THAT THAT STUDENT LOAN DEBT BURDEN IS GROWING AT A RATE OF $100 BILLION A YEAR. IT IS AFFECTING VIRTUALLY EVERY CHOICE THAT YOUNG PEOPLE MAKE. INCLUDING THE CHOICE TO HAVE TO GO TO BIG CITIES WHERE WAGES UPON IF YOU’RE OUT THERE TRYING TO START A BUSINESS. IF YOU’RE OUT THERE TRYING TO START A FARM. SO THE VERY FIRST BILL WHEN I GOT TO THE UNITED STATES SENATE WAS ON THIS SUBJECT. THIS ONE’S VERY PERSONAL FOR ME. MY DADDY ENDED UP AS A JANITOR. MY BIG CHANCE TO BECOME A PUBLIC SCHOOL TEACHER WAS TO GO TO A COMMUTER COLLEGE THAT COST $50 A SEMESTER. THAT’S HOW IT IS YOU DON’T HAVE TO INKUR INKUR THE LOANS TO BEG WITH. WE NEED TO MAKE THAT INVESTMENT. MY FIRST BILL WAS TO REFINANCE AND BRING DOWN THE DEBT BURDEN. BY THE WAY, I SHOULD SAY ONE MORE THING ABOUT THAT. IT WAS YEARS AGO I WAS A BABY SENATOR, NEVER BEEN AROUND THE BLOCK ON THIS. IT WAS MY FIRST BILL. DO YOU KNOW HOW MANY COSPONSORS I GOT ON THAT BILL? BECAUSE NO ONE WAS TALKING ABOUT THE STUDENT LOAN DEBT BURDEN. IT WAS SOMETHING THAT PEOPLE WERE CARRYING ONE AT A TIME LIKE ROCKS ON THEIR BACK. NOBODY TALKED ABOUT IT. WHEN I INTRODUCED THAT BILL, WE PUT OUT A PETITION BEFORE THEY WERE DOING A LOT OF THE ONLINE PET PETITIONS. WE HAD 100,000 PEOPLE BY THE END OF THE WEEK SAYING I’M IN THIS FIGHT. WE GOT A MAJORITY IN THE SENATE TO REFINANCE STUDENT LOAN DEBT AND COOPED GET IT PASSED WITH A HIGH ENOUGH MAJORITY. ONLY IN THE SENATE BECAUSE OF THE FILIBUSTER. COULDN’T GET IT OVER TO THE HOUSE. THIS IS ONE OF THOSE REMINDERS OF HOW IMPORTANT OUTSIDE PRESSURE IS. BECAUSE THIS ISSUE WHICH IS SO CRITICAL TO OUR COUNTRY AND OUR COUNTRY’S FUTURE HAS MOVED FROM NOBODY PAYING ANY ATTENTION, HAS FINALLY BEGUN TO MOVE UP THE LADDER. THAT’S NOT RELIEF YET, BUT I GUARANTEE BY 2021 WE GET THE RIGHT PEOPLE BACK IN OUR GOVERNMENT WE WILL CUT THIS LOAN DEBT BURDEN. THANK YOU. THAT’S A GOOD QUESTION. [ APPLAUSE ]>>SENATOR, THANK YOU FOR YOUR TIME.>>THANK YOU VERY MUCH.>>OKAY. ELIZABETH WARREN, EVERYBODY! [ APPLAUSE ]>>THANK YOU.>>OUR NEXT GUEST COMING TO THE STAGE IS THE FORMER HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT SECRETARY FROM SAN ANTONIO, TEXAS, FORMER MAYOR, JULIAN CASTRO! MR. SECRETARY, THANK YOU.>>WELL THANK YOU, MR. SECRETARY, FOR BEING HERE. THIS IS MAYBE THE FOURTH TIME YOU HAVE BEEN HERE. LAST TIME WE SAW YOU WAS IN AN ICE STORM IN SLICK SAN ANTONIO SHOES.>>THE FIRST TIME I WAS HERE I FORGOT MY JACKET. I WAS BEING A TOTAL TEXAN. I’VE GOTTEN BETTER.>>YOU CAN BORROW MY LONG JOHNS.>>THERE YOU GO.>>I THINK AMANDA WANTS TO ASK YOU A QUESTION.>>FIRST WE WANTED TO LET YOU GIVE A COUPLE MINUTES TO GIVE REMARK FIST YOU WANT, ABOUT YOUR CANDIDACY AND WHY YOU ARE RUNNING. PA. >>FIRST OF ALL TO AMANDA AND ZACK AND A SHOUT OUT TO MY FORMER COLLEAGUE WHO JUST DID A FANTASTIC JOB FOR PRESIDENT OBAMA AND FOR IOWA WHEN HE WAS GOVERNOR. I KNOW THE QUESTION IS ABOUT OUR VISION FOR THE COUNTRY AND FOR RURAL AMERICA. THIS IS WHAT I WANT FOR OUR COUNTRY IN THE 21st CENTURY. WE ARE THE SMARTEST, THE HEALTHIEST, THE FAIREST, AND THE MOST PROSPEROUS NATION ON EARTH. WHEN I WAS SECRETARY OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT, I HAD THE CHANCE TO VISIT A HUNDRED DIFFERENT COMMUNITIES, BIG AND SMALL, IN 39 STATES. INCLUDING THE BIGGEST CITIES IN THE UNITED STATES AND SOME SMALL TOWNS. WHAT I FOUND WAS THAT THE BASIC NEEDS OF AMERICANS ARE LARGELY THE SAME EVERYWHERE, BUT THEY ARE DIFFERENT IN DIFFERENT PLACES IN TERMS OF THE EMPHASIS. WHAT I WANT TO MAKE SURE IS THAT WE CONNECT THE DOTS OF ALL OF THOSE THINGS SO IF FOR RURAL AMERICA, WE INVEST AGAIN IN OUR PUBLIC SCHOOLS SO THAT FOLKS CAN GET — [ APPLAUSE ] — SO WE PAY TEACHER WHAT IS THEY DESERVE, REDUCE CLASS SIZES AND NO MATTER WHAT THE NEEDS OF THE STUDENT IS, THEY CAN HAVE THOSE NEEDS MET. WE FUND COMMUNITY HOSPITALS BECAUSE HERE IN IOWA, MANY COMMUNITY HOSPITALS ARE UNDER THREAT AND A LOT OF THEM DON’T OFFER THINGS LIKE PSYCHIATRIC CARE. Y’ALL SEE THE IMPACT OF THAT. I ALSO BELIEVE WE NEED TO MAKE SURE THAT NO MATTER WHERE YOU LIVE IN THIS COUNTRY, THERE ARE GOOD JOB OPPORTUNITIES AND IN OUR TAX CODE AND THE INVESTMENTS WE MAKE, THAT FAMILY FARMS CAN THRIVE AND THAT YOU CAN HAVE CLEAN AIR AND CLEAN WATER NO MATTER WHERE YOU LIVE, INCLUDING RURAL AMERICA. I LOOK FORWARD TO A CONVERSATION ABOUT THESE AND OTHER ISSUES.>>GREAT. SO BEFORE WE CAME HERE, WE TALKED TO A LOT OF MEMBERS OF THE STORM LAKE COMMUNITY ABOUT WHAT THEY WANTED TO HEAR FROM THE CANDIDATES AND A LOT OF PEOPLE SAID GUN POLICY. A LOT OF THE DISCUSSION ABOUT GUNS IS AROUND BACKGROUND CHECKS AND ASSAULT WEAPONS. A LOT MORE OUT THERE. SUICIDES ON THE RISE, PARTICULARLY SUICIDES IN RURAL AREAS THAT INVOLVE GUNS. THIS AFFECTS OLDER WHITE MEN pB GUNS. I WAS WONDERING, DO YOU THINK THAT THE DISCUSSION AROUND GUN POLICY NEEDS TO FOCUS ON ACCESS ISSUES AND DOES IT NEED TO GO BIGGER AND TALK ABOUT MORE THAN BACKGROUND CHECKS?>>I THINK IT DOES AND MY HOPE IS THAT IN THE CONVERSATIONS THAT FOLKS ARE HAVING WHETHER IT’S HERE OR IN THE BIG CITIES, THE CONVERSATIONS THEY ARE HAVING THERE ALSO WILL ADD TO THE DEBATE. LET ME START OFF BY SAYING I SUPPORT COMMON SENSE GUN REFORM AND UNIVERSAL BACKGROUND CHECKS AND LIMITING THE CAPACITY OF MAGAZINE, REINCONSTITUTING AN ASSAULT WEAPONS BAN. I BELIEVE ONE OF THE UNDER TALKED ABOUT THINGS IS THE NUMBER OF SUICIDES PEOPLE COMMIT USING A FIREARM. WE NEED TO DO SEVERAL THINGS. NUMBER ONE, MAKE SURE THAT FOLKS WHO HAVE ACCESS TO A GUN OR WHO CAN GET ACCESS TO A GUN THAT THEY ARE RESPONSIBLE INDIVIDUALS. THAT’S WHY WE NEED UNIVERSAL BACKGROUND CHECKS. ALSO IT GOES TO SOMETHING DEEPER AND THE STIGMA IS STILL ATTACHED TO PEOPLE THAT HAVE ISSUES RELATED TO MENTAL HEALTH. THIS TIES BACK, AS I SAID, TO ONE OF THE CHALLENGES HERE IN RURAL AMERICA. WHICH IS THAT SEVEN OR EIGHT RURAL HOSPITALS OVER THE LAST SEVERAL YEARS HAVE DONE AWAY WITH THEIR INPATIENT PSYCHIATRIC CARE AND RECENTLY THE LEGISLATURE HAS TRIED TO TAKE STEPS TO IMPROVE THAT, BUT I DON’T THINK THEY FUNDED IT THE WAY THEY SHOULD. SO ALL OF THESE ISSUES ARE RELATED. WE ABSOLUTELY NEED A BETTER CONVERSATION ABOUT HOW TO PREVENT SUICIDE BY GUN, BUT WE ALSO NEED TO WORK ON THE STIGMA AND THE CARE THAT PEOPLE CAN RECEIVE AS THEY HAVE SUICIDAL THOUGHTS. THAT GOES TO THE HEALTH CARE POLICY AND THE INVESTMENTS WE MAKE AS WELL. ALL OF THESE THINGS ARE CONNECTED.>THE STUDY SHOWS WHEN PEOPLE HAVE MORE ACCESS TO GUNS, THEY ARE MORE LIKELY TO COMMIT SUICIDE BECAUSE THE GUNS ARE THERE. DO YOU THINK THAT ACCESS IS AN ISSUE OR THAT’S NOT THE DIRECTION THE BASE SHOULD GO IN?>>I THINK ACCESS IS AN ISSUE OF WHO IS ABLE TO GET THEIR HANDS ON A GUN, SURE. IF WHAT YOU MEAN IS ARE WE GOING TO AN AMERICAN WHERE PEOPLE CANNOT GET GUNS AT ALL, THEN NO, WE’RE NOT. SURE, I THINK THAT’S THE PURPOSE OF BACKGROUND CHECKS AND THE PURPOSE OF ENCOURAGING RESPONSIBILITY FOR PARENTS, FOR INSTANCE, AROUND CHILDREN OR MINORS. I KNOW THAT IN RURAL AMERICA IT’S COMMON FOR YOUNG PEOPLE TO GET TAUGHT HOW TO USE A GUN AT A YOUNG AGE AND A LOT OF THEM ARE ABLE TO RESPONSIBLY GROW UP UNDERSTANDING THE SERIOUSNESS OF FIREARMS. THAT’S NOT ALWAYS THE CASE THOUGH. OF COURSE THERE ARE ACCESS ISSUES AND WE NEED TO ADDRESS THAT THROUGH BACKGROUND CHECKS. I SUPPORT THAT.>>SO CONTINUING IN A SIMILAR VAIN, IN THE FINAL YEAR OF THE OBAMA ADMINISTRATION FOR THE FIRST TIME SINCE WORLD WAR I, LIFE EXPECTANCY DECLINED. THIS IS AMONG SOPHISTICATED, WEALTHY NATIONS. IT DOESN’T HAPPEN ELSEWHERE. THEY GOT A LOT OF THINGS RIGHT, BUT AS SOMEONE WHO SERVED IN THE ADMINISTRATION, WHAT WENT WRONG?>>YOU ARE SAYING WHAT WENT WRONG BECAUSE THE LIFE EXPECTANCY OF THE COUNTRY WENT DOWN IN THE LAST YEAR OF THE ADMINISTRATION?>>RIGHT AND DRIVEN BY DEATHS WE ASSOCIATE WITH DESPAIR LIKE OVERDOSES AND SUICIDES AND ALCOHOL-RELATED FATALITIES.>>NUMBER ONE, I WOULD REJECT THE PREMISES THAT THE OBAMA ADMINISTRATION ALONE WAS RESPONSIBLE FOR THAT TREND. [ APPLAUSE ] WHAT I WOULD SAY THOUGH IS THAT THAT UNDERSCORES HOW IMPORTANT IT IS THAT WE GO TO A SYSTEM WHERE EVERYBODY HAS ACCESS TO MEDICARE, FOR INSTANCE. WE STRENGTHEN MEDICARE AND MAKE SURE EVERYBODY HAS IT. [ APPLAUSE ] IT GOES TO THE ISSUE OF THINGS LIKE PAID SICK LEAVE AND FAMILY LEAVE SO THAT PEOPLE HAVE THE TIME NECESSARY TO CARE FOR SOMEBODY ELSE OR TO CARE FOR THEMSELVES WHEN THEY NEED IT. IT GOES TO THINGS LIKE RAISING THE MINIMUM WAGE. WE HAVEN’T RAISED THE MINIMUM WAGE IN 10 YEARS. ALL OF THOSE THINGS THAT GO INTO LIFE EXPECTANCY I WOULDN’T PEG THAT ON ANY ONE ADMINISTRATION. IT HIGHLIGHTS THE NEED FOR US TO MAKE INVESTMENTS IN PEOPLE, IN THE WELL BEING OF OUR AMERICAN COMMUNITY IF WE WANT TO GO IN A POSITIVE DIRECTION IN THE YEARS TO COME.>>JUST A FOLLOW-UP BEGINNING IN 2013. THERE WAS A “WASHINGTON POST” REPORT SAYING THE ADMINISTRATION WAS GETTING REPORTS OF ELEVATED OPIOID DEATHS. HERE IN IOWA IT’S MORE ABOUT METH THAN OPIOIDS. WHAT WOULD YOU DO AS PRESIDENT?>>THAT’S A GREAT QUESTION AND WHETHER IT’S IN MY NECK OF THE WOODS OR IOWA OR OTHER PLACES, THAT’S A SERIOUS CHALLENGE. I WOULD MAKE SURE THAT STATES AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS HAVE THE RESOURCES THEY NEED TO OFFER TREATMENT TO PEOPLE WHO HAVE AN ADDICTION. I WOULD ALSO ENSURE THAT WE GET MORE SERIOUS ABOUT INVESTING IN OUR PORTS OF ENTRY AND ABOUT A MONTH OR FIVE WEEKS AGO, YOU MAY HAVE SEEN WE HAD THE LARGEST FENTANYL BUST IN OUR NATION’S HISTORY IN ARIZONA. THAT WAS NOT COMING THROUGH THE DESERT. IT WAS COMING THROUGH ONE OF THE PORTS OF ENTRY WHERE DRUGS AND CARS COME THROUGH. 254 POUNDS, WE CAN MAKE SURE THAT WE INVEST IN TECHNOLOGY AND PERSONNEL TO BETTER SECURE THE PORTS OF ENTRY SO THAT WE CATCH NOT ONLY HUMAN TRAFFICKING BETTER, BUT DRUG TRAFFICKING. [ APPLAUSE ]>>MR. SECRETARY, IMMIGRANTS REVITALIZE RURAL COMMUNITIES LIKE STAR LAKE WHERE 90% OF OUR SCHOOLS ARE CHILDREN OF COLOR. TWO 3 THIRDS ARE DECLINING IN POPULATION AND COMMERCE WHILE URBAN CONSOLIDATE THE STATE’S WEALTH. HOW CAN WE EASE THE TRANSITION IN RURAL AREAS TO REJUVENATE THEM.>>LET ME SAY I KNOW THAT THAT’S A MEANINGFUL QUESTION COMING FROM YOU AND YOUR WORK. I’M VERY PROUD OF THE STORY OF STORM LAKE IN MANY WAYS. Y’ALL HAVE SHOWN A LOT OF OTHER COMMUNITIES HOW IT CAN BE DONE. I’M THE GRANDSON, I GREW UP WITH MY MOTHER AND GRANDMOTHER AND MY GRANDMOTHER CAME OVER FROM MEXICO WITH HER LITTLE SISTER BECAUSE HER PARENTS HAVE DIED. SHE WORKED AS A MAID AND A BABY-SITTER AND RAISED MY MOM AS A SINGLE PARENT. I KNOW THROUGHOUT THE GENERATIONS WHEREVER THEY HAVE COME FROM WHETHER FROM GERMANY OR MEXICO OR WHEREVER, IMMIGRANTS WORK HARD. Y’ALL HAVE SEEN HERE IN STORM LAKE, THE VALUE OF THE IMMIGRANT COMMUNITY IN OPENING UP RESTAURANTS AND OTHER STORES. I NEVER THOUGHT BEFORE THIS CAMPAIGN THAT I WOULD GET GREAT MEXICAN FOOD IN IOWA, BUT I HAVE. I HAVE. [ APPLAUSE ] SO LET ME JUST SAY IN THE NEXT FEW DAYS, I WILL RELEASE AN IMMIGRATION PLAN THAT I THINK IS GOING TO BE BOLD AND WILL SET US ON A BETTER COURSE THAN THIS PRESIDENT WITH A DARK VISION OF IMMIGRATION. WE DON’T HAVE TO CHOOSE BETWEEN HAVING A SECURE BORDER. EVERY COUNTRY IN THE WORLD OF COURSE WANTS A SECURE BORDER AND SHOULD. WE CAN HAVE A SECURE BORDER AND ALSO BE COMPASSIONATE AND RECOGNIZE THE VALUE OF OUR IMMIGRANT COMMUNITY THAT IS ALREADY DOING GREAT THINGS. JUST VERY QUICKLY IN GENERAL, I BELIEVE THAT ON JANUARY 20th, 2021 AT 12:01 P.M., WE WILL HAVE A DEMOCRATIC PRESIDENT, DEMOCRATIC SENATE, AND DEMOCRATIC HOUSE. AND WHEN IT COMES TO IMMIGRATION REFORM, COMPREHENSIVE IMMIGRATION REFORM, THE LESSON OF 2009, 2010 WAS DON’T WAIT. WE WILL CREATE A PATH TO CITIZENSHIP FOR THE 10 TO 11 IMMIGRANTS WHO WERE HERE AS LONG AS THEY ARE LAW-ABIDING. WE WILL TAKE THE TARGET OFF THE BACK OF PEOPLE WITH TEMPORARY PROTECTIVE STATUS AND ENSURE THAT DREAMERS, WE CAN HARNESS THEIR TALENT AND THEIR ABILITY TO MOVE OUR NATION FORWARD IN THE GLOBAL ECONOMY AND MAKE SMART INVESTMENTS LIKE THE POURS OF ENTRY SO WE CAN BETTERDETECT AND COMBAT DRUG AND SEX TRAFFICKING IN THE UNITED STATES.>>THANK YOU. THANK YOU. [ APPLAUSE ] NOW ONE OF MY FAVORITE QUESTION AUDIENCE. EMILY COLE IS THE TREASURER OF THE IOWA FARMER’S UNION AND A PROGRAM COORDINATOR FOR IOWA STATE UNIVERSITY EXTENSION AND OUTREACH LOCAL FOODS PROGRAM. SHE WAS RAISED ON A CORN AND SOY BEAN FARM THAT WENT BANKRUPT IN THE 1980s FARM CRISIS AND CURRENTLY LIVES IN BOONE.>>THANKS, ART. THANK YOU FOR BEING HERE. CURRENT FARM POLICY PROMOTES AGRICULTURE THAT IS ADVANCING CLIMATE CHANGE AND POLLUTING OUR WATER AND AIR AND KILLING OFF OUR SMALL TOWNS. WHAT FEDERAL POLICIES WOULD YOU PROMOTE TO SUPPORT MORE NATURE-FRIEND FAMILY SCALE FOOD FARMING TO BECOME MORE ECONOMICALLY, SOCIALLY AND ENVIRONMENTALLY RESILIENT?>>YEAH, THANK YOU VERY MUCH! YOU KNOW, OUR FAMILY FARMS HELP FEED AMERICA AND THE WORLD, REALLY. SO WE NEED TO MAKE SURE THAT THEY CAN SUCCEED AND ALSO THAT PEOPLE IN THESE RURAL AREAS AND RURAL COMMUNITIES CAN HAVE CLEAN AIR AND CLEAN WATER. NUMBER ONE, I WOULD APPOINT PEOPLE TO THE EPA WHO ACTUALLY BELIEVE IN ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION. YOU KNOW, THEY REDUCED THE BUDGET OF THE EPA SOMETHING LIKE 30% WHEN IT COMES TO TRYING TO ENFORCE SOME OF THESE LAWS. I WOULD ENSURE THAT WE REQUEST FROM CONGRESS THE FUNDING THAT IS NECESSARY TO ENFORCE THE CLEAN AIR ACT AND THE CLEAN WATER ACT AND THAT APPLIES EVERYWHERE. I ALSO BELIEVE LIKE OTHERS, SENATOR WARREN HAS BEEN FANTASTIC ON THIS AND I KNOW SHE TALKED ABOUT IT. WHEN WE ANALYZE ANTITRUST, WE NOT ONLY CONCERN OURSELVES WITH THE END CONSUMER PRICE AND CHOICE, BUT ALSO WHAT’S HAPPENING ALONG THE PRODUCTION CHAIN AND THE IMPACT ON SMALLER BUSINESSES WITHIN THAT PRODUCTION CHAIN. I WANT TO MAKE SURE THAT WE HAVE FOLKS IN THE DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE AND OTHERS THAT UNDERSTAND THAT PHILOSOPHY. IN ADDITION THAT, I THINK THAT THE DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE AND SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION HAVE A TREMENDOUS TROEL PLAY TO ENSURE THAT SMALL BUSINESSES INCLUDING FAMILY FARMS ARE WELL-CAPITALIZED AND PURSUING POLICY THAT HELPS THEM GET THERE. [ APPLAUSE ]>>THANK YOU, SECRETARY CASTRO.>>THANK YOU ALL VERY MUCH.>>JULIAN CASTRO!>>THANK YOU. [ APPLAUSE ]>>OKAY, NOW OUR NEXT GUEST IS FORMER REPRESENTATIVE FROM MARYLAND, JOHN DELANEY.>>I DON’T THINK WE HAVE JOHN DELANEY YET. I DON’T THINK HE’S HERE JUST YET.>>LET’S TRY A DIFFERENT ONE.>>I HAVE BEEN ANXIOUS TO TALK TO AMY CLKLOBUCHAR.>>THESE NOT HERE YET.>>WE HAVE TO KILL A LITTLE BIT OF TIME BECAUSE WE DON’T HAVE THE CANDIDATES YET. THAT’S THE QUEUE WE ARE GETTING.>>OKAY.>>ONCE CONGRESSMAN DELANEY GETS HERE, WE WILL PICK UP WITH THAT. DO YOU HAVE THOUGHTS ON HOW THE 2020 ELECTION IS GOING?>>WELL. >>WE THOUGHT WE WERE GOING TO RUN OUT OF TIME. WE DIDN’T THINK WE WOULD HAVE EXTRA TIME.>>OKAY, WELL, ANYWAY. THE 2020 ELECTION LOOKS PRETTY UNUSUAL FIRST OF ALL THAT WE WERE ABLE TO GET FIVE CANDIDATES. AT LEAST I THINK WE HAVE FIVE CANDIDATES HERE. THEY ARE REACHING OUT TO RURAL IOWA.>>WHY DO YOU THINK SO MANY ARE COMING THIS TIME? HILLARY CANNOT COME IN 2016 AND TRUMP DIDN’T COME. WHY DO YOU THINK AT LEAST THREE HAVE COME?>>BECAUSE I THINK THEY REALIZE THIS ELECTION IS GOING TO BE DECIDED IN THE MIDWEST. I BELIEVE. FROM IOWA TO OHIO. AND OF COURSE IT ALL STARTS IN IOWA. THE CAUCUSES ARE THERE AND I THINK THESE CANDIDATES REALIZE THAT WE ARE NOT FLY OVER COUNTRY AND TO WIN AMERICA YOU NEED TO WIN WISCONSIN. TO DO THAT, YOU NEED TO ADDRESS THE CRISIS.>>THAT’S A REALLY GREAT BOOK. YOU SHOULD BUY IT. WE HAVE CONGRESSMAN DELANEY NOW.>>GREAT TO SEE YOU. THIS IS CONGRESSMAN JOHN DELANEY FROM MARYLAND. FORMER CONGRESSMAN. THANKS FOR BEING HERE.>>COULDN’T BE HAPPIER. THANKS FOR HAVING ME.>>THE SUBWAYS ARE TOUGH THIS TIME OF DAY.>>I WAS WORRIED ABOUT GETTING BLOWN OFF THE ROAD.>>EXACTLY. IT’S GREAT TO HAVE YOU HERE AGAIN.>>GREAT TO BE BACK.>>YOU HAVE A SPECIAL PLACE IN MY HEART.>>THIS IS BIGGER THAN THE STORM LAKE TIMES. HE ALSO CAME IN A BLIZZARD AND A SPECIAL PLACE IN MY HEART BECAUSE HE WAS THE FIRST TO BUY AN AD FROM US.>>THAT’S THE PRIVATE SECTOR EXPERIENCE. WHY DON’T YOU TAKE A COUPLE OF MINUTES AND TELL US ABOUT YOUR CAMPAIGN AND YOUR VISION FOR RURAL AMERICA.>>THANK YOU ALL FOR HAVING ME AND I ADMIRE THE FACT THAT YOU ARE DOING THIS AND ALL YOU DO TO MAKE SURE THE VOICE OF RURAL AMERICA IS HEARD ALL AROUND THE COUNTRY. THERE WAS JUST AN EXTRAORDINARY REPRESENTATIVE. THE COUNTRY WHEN HE WAS SERVING AS THE AGRICULTURE SECRETARY. WE DID A LOT OF WORK TOGETHER, GRATEFUL HE WAS HERE. I SEE THE SIOUX CITY SIOUX OUT THERE. YOU NORMALLY CAN SEE JD IF EVERYONE IS STANDING.>>UP HERE!>>WHERE IS HE? ALL RIGHT, JD. YOU KNOW THE EARNED INCOME TAX CREDIT IS ONE OF THE MOST IMPORTANT THINGS AND SHOULD BE A CENTERPIECE OF OUR TAX POLICY IN THIS COUNTRY AND JD IS DOING GREAT WORK. MY CAMPAIGN IS ABOUT BRINGING THIS COUNTRY TOGETHER. I THINK THE CENTRAL QUESTION FACING THIS COUNTRY IS HOW TERRIBLY DIVIDED WE ARE. GETTING REAL THINGS DONE AND RETHINKING OUR FUTURE. I THINK WE DESERVE A BETTER FUTURE. I JUST ANNOUNCED MY HEARTLAND FAIR DEAL, A SET OF PROPOSALS TO START PARTNERING WITH RURAL AMERICA SO THAT WE ARE CREATING JOBS AND REVERSING THE TRENDS AND REALLY IMPROVING THE CONDITIONS IN RURAL AMERICA. IT HAS A HEALTH CARE COMPONENT TO IT. WE ALL KNOW WHAT’S GOING ON WITH HEALTH CARE IN RURAL AMERICA, PARTICULARLY FOR THE VETERANS. IT HAS AN INFRASTRUCTURE PROPOSAL AND A TRILLION DOLLAR PROGRAM NATIONALLY WITH A D DISPROPOD DISPROPORTIONATE ALLOCATION TO BROADBAND AND CLIMATE RESILLIENT IN INFRASTRUCTURE AND CREATING AN ANTITRUST FRAMEWORK THAT MAKES SENSE FOR OUR COUNTRY AND REALLY FOCUSES ON INVESTMENTS. I HAVE ALWAYS BELIEVED UNLESS YOU INVEST IN PEOPLE AND COMMUNITIES, NOTHING REALLY HAP HAPPENS. I BLUE UP IN A BLUE COLLAR FAMILY AND NEITHER OF MY PARENTS WENT TO COLLEGE. MY DAD’S UNION, THE INTERNATIONAL BROTHERHOOD OF ELECTRICAL WORKERS HELPED ME GO TO COLLEGE THROUGH A SCHOLARSHIP. AND BUT FOR THAT UNION I WOULD HAVE NEVER BEEN ABLE TO GO TO COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY. SOMETHING TO CHANGE MY LIFE. NEVER BEEN ABLE TO GO TO GEORGETOWN LAW SCHOOL WHERE THE BEST THING THAT EVER HAPPENED TO ME HAPPENED. I MET MY WIFE AND HAVE BEEN HAPPILY MARRIED FOR 29 YEARS. SHE IS THE DAUGHTER OF AN IDAHO POTATO FARMER. THE SON FROM NEW JERSEY MEETS THE IDAHO POTATO FARMER’S DAUGHTER, ONLY IN GEORGETOWN, AMERICA. I WATCHED HIM LOSE HIS FAMILY FARM IN THE CRISIS IN THE 80s. THAT WAS AN INTRODUCTION TO ME OF THE STRUGGLE. A CENTERPIECE OF MY HEARTLAND FAIR DEAL IS TO DO THINGS TO MAKE SURE CAPITAL IS FLOWING TO RURAL AMERICA. THAT’S REALLY WHAT’S HAPPENED TO RURAL AMERICA IN THE LAST SEVERAL DECADES IN MY JUDGMENT. CAPITAL LEFT THIS REGION. THAT DOESN’T MEAN PEOPLE DON’T INVEST HERE. THEY DO. THE OWNERS ARE NOT LOCATED HERE LIKE THEY USED TO BE. THE RETURNS ON THOSE INVESTMENTS DON’T GET INVESTED IN THE COMMUNITIES. IN GOOD WAGES AND OTHER THINGS THE COMMUNITIES NEED. AS SBHON SPENT MY WHOLE CAREER CREATING BUSINESSES, I STARTED TWO BUSINESSES AND THEY BECAME PUBLIC COMPANIES AND THEY CREATED THOUSANDS OF JOBS. WHAT MY BUSINESSES DID WAS LEND MONEY TO SMALL TO MID-SIZED COMPANIES. A LOT OF THEM IN RURAL AMERICAS. 5,000 COMPANIES. I BELIEVE IN THE POWER OF INVESTMENT. IT MADE A DIFFERENCE AND SPENT MY CAREER INVESTING IN OTHER PEOPLE. THAT’S THE CORNERSTONE OF MY HEARTLAND FAIR DEAL. THANK YOU. [ APPLAUSE ]>>YOU HAVE BEEN TALKING ABOUT BIPARTISANSHIP A LOT IN IOWA. IN WASHINGTON THAT’S SOMETIMES A CODE WORD FOR POLICIES THAT INVEST HEAVILY IN BOTH POLITICAL PARTIES. OVER THE COURSE OF YOUR CAREER YOU ACCEPTED OVER $2 MILLION FROM THE FINANCIAL SECTOR AND SPENT A LOT OF TIME WORKING WITH REPUBLICANS TO ROLL BACK ASPECTS OF THE DODD FRANK MODEL. DO YOU THINK THAT’S IMPORTANT FOR THE NEXT PRESIDENT?>>THE THINGS I DID IN THE DODD FRANK FRAMEWORK WERE FOCUSSED ON HELPING COMMUNITY BANKS. I THINK COMMUNITY BANKS ARE THE BACKBONE OF OUR COUNTRY. THEY ARE. LISTEN, THE PREMISES OF MY BUSINESSES WAS FOCUSING ON LENDING MONEY TO SMALL TO MID–SIZED COMPANIES AND I WAS GOOD AT IT AND WE WERE SUCCESSFUL. ONE OF THE REASONS IS BECAUSE THE BIG BANKS IGNORE THE COMPANIES. THEY IGNORE THOSE COMPANIES AND OUR COMMUNITY BANKS WHICH ARE SHRINKING IN NUMBER REALLY DESERVE A REGULATORY RELIEF. NOT BIG BANKS, BUT UPON COMMUNITY BANKS DESERVE RELIEF SO THEY HAVE THE FLEXIBILITY TO MAKE THE KIND OF LOANS IN LOCAL COMMUNITIES THAT BUSINESSES NEED. IF YOU CUT OFF COMMUNITY BANKS AND PUT SO MANY REGULATIONS ON THEM THAT THEY HAVE TO BE SOLD, THAT’S NOT RESPECTING MAIN STREET AMERICA AND NOT GOING TO HELP RURAL AMERICA. IT’S TRUE.>>WHAT DOES THAT HAVE TO DO WITH CREDIT DEFAULT SWAPS WHICH YOU VOTED TO DEREGULATE. THE MARKET IS FOR THE FIVE OR SIX LARGEST BANKS IN THE COUNTRY.>>I DIDN’T VOTE TO DEREGULATE THE SWAPS. NO DISRESPECT, BUT IT’S INACCURATE.>>ACCESS TO CHEAPER TAXPAYER FUNDING.>>I DIDN’T VOTE TO PROVIDE ACCESS TO CHEAPER TAXPAYER FUNDING. I VOTED TO CLEAN UP — I WAS ON THE FINANCIAL SERVICES COMMITTEE. FROM TIME TO TIME ADJUSTMENTS TO THE DODD FRANK LAW CAME BEFORE US AND WHEN THINGS MADE SENSE, I VOTE THE FOR THEM. IF WE DO SOMETHING REALLY BIG IN THIS COUNTRY LIKE WITH THE AFFORDABLE CARE ACT THAT REFORMED 1/6 OF THE U.S. ECONOMY OR DODD FRANK WHICH WAS ABSOLUTELY NECESSARY, 19 OF THE 20 INSTITUTIONS IN THIS COUNTRY FAILED IN THE FINANCIAL CRISIS OR TOOK MONEY FROM THE GOVERNMENT. 19 OF 20. OF COURSE WE HAD TO DO SOMETHING REALLY BIG. I ALSO BELIEVE IT’S A FUNDAMENTAL RESPONSIBILITY THAT CONGRESS AND THE GOVERNMENT TO UPDATE THOSE TRANSFORMATIVE LAWS. YOU SHOULDN’T PRESUME YOU GOT IT RIGHT THE FIRST TIME. A LOT OF THIS STUFF I DID IN TERMS OF REGULATORY RELIEF WAS FOCUSSED ON SMALL INSTITUTIONS.>>MR. DELANEY.>>IT’S FORMAL ON THIS SIDE.>>HEY, JOHN.>>THAT’S BETTER.>>THAT’S BETTER, ART.>>HALF OF CHILDREN ARE BORN INTO MEDICAID AND CONTINUE TO LIMIT MEDICAL ACCESS THROUGH THE PROGRAM. SOME 15 RURAL NURSING HOMES HAVE BEEN CLOSED IN IOWA IN 2017 BECAUSE OF RESTRICTIONS ON MEDICATE FORCING ELDERLY PEOPLE AWAY FROM THEIR FAMILIES. RURAL HOSPITALS ARE GOING BROKE UNDER LATE REIMBURSEMENT OR TAKING A LOSS ON MEDICATE PATIENTS. THE PROGRAM HAS BEEN UNDER ATTACK IN LEGISLATURES ACROSS THE MIDWEST FOR YEARS. HOW CAN WE STOP THIS WAR ON THE WORKING POOR, CHILDREN, AND ELDERLY?>>WELL. [ APPLAUSE ] SO THE FIRST THING THAT SHOULDN’T HAVE HAPPENED HERE IN IOWA IS THEY SHOULDN’T HAVE PRIVATIZED THE MEDICAID SYSTEM. [ APPLAUSE ] TO SOME EXTENT, THAT WAS A TRANSFER FROM MEDICAID RECIPIENTS TO A MANAGED CARE COMPANY WHO WAS HIRED TO RUN THE PROGRAM. THAT WAS A BAD DECISION AND WAS A BAD OUTCOME AND IT HURT CITIZENS OF IOWA. THE PROBLEM WITH MEDICATEID IS THEY DON’T REIMBURSE ENOUGH. NATIONWIDE MEDICAID ONLY PAYS 80% OF COSTS. IF YOU RAN A REPORT AND ALL OF YOUR PATIENTS WERE MEDICAID, YOU LOSE 20%. THAT’S A FUNDAMENTAL PROBLEM. THAT’S ONE OF THE REASONS I PROPOSED A UNIVERSAL HEALTH CARE SYSTEM THAT GIVES EVERY AMERICAN A HEALTH CARE AS A RIGHT. A RIGHT OF CITIZENS. WE CAN AFFORD IT. WE CAN ABSOLUTELY AFFORD IT. WE ARE SPENDING MORE THAN ANYONE ELSE. IT’S SMART POLICY. YOU DON’T WANT PEOPLE TIED TO THEIR JOBS. THE ONLY REASON I WAS ABLE TO DO IT AND I WAS STARRING A FAMILY, BUT MY WIFE WORKED AT A FIRM THAT HAD HEALTH CARE. I WOULD HAVE BEEN SHACKLED TO MY JOB LIKE SO MANY AMERICANS. EVERYONE SHOULD HAVE HEALTH CARE AS A RIGHT. WE HAVE A BASIC GOVERNMENT PLAN AND THE ABILITY TO HAVE PRIVATE INSURANCE AS SUPPLEMENTS OR OTHER OPTIONS AND ROLL MEDICAID INTO THAT AND SIMILAR TO THE AFFORDABLE CARE ACT AND DO THINGS LIKE MEDICARE. MEDICARE DOESN’T PAY COSTS, BUT THEY PAY 95% OF COSTS. I WANT TO GET THE RATES UP AS PART OF ROLLING MEDICAID INTO A UNIVERSAL PLAN. IF YOU GET THE RATES UP, PEOPLE INVEST MORE IN THE PROGRAM. DOCTORS ARE MORE LIKELY TO MOVE TO A COMMUNITY AND SOMEONE IS LIKELY TO BUILD A HOSPITAL. WITH RURAL HOSPITALS, PARTICULARLY AS WE AGE, IT’S A HUGE CHALLENGE. YOU GO TO YOUR AVERAGE RURAL HOSPITAL AND ASK HOW MUCH THEY GET PAID FROM COMMERCIAL INSURANCE AS COMPARED TO MEDICARE, THEY SAY WE GET PAID ABOUT TWICE FROM COMMERCIAL INSURANCE AS WE DO FROM MEDICARE. AS THIS COUNTRY IS AIMING AND MORE ARE GOING ON MEDICARE, REIMBURSEMENT IS GOING DOWN AND THAT’S HURTING RURAL HOSPITALS.>>THANK YOU. GREAT ANSWER.>>YOU’RE WELCOME.>>IS IT YOUR TURN NOW?>>IT IS MY TURN NOW. YOU EXPRESSED CONCERN ABOUT THE RISING NATIONAL DEBT THAT WILL REQUIRE TOUGH CHOICES. I WONDER IF SOCIAL SECURITY WILL BE PART OF THAT EQUATION AND PLACES WITH AGING POPULATIONS LIKE IOWA AND WILL THAT REQUIRE CHANGING THE BENEFIT FORMULA AND RAISING THE AIMING OR WILL YOU BE ABLE TO DO THAT BEFORE MAKING BENEFITS LESS GENEROUS.>>I DON’T THINK YOU SHOULD RAISE THE RETIREMENT AGE. I’M SERIOUS. RAISING THE RETIREMENT AGE IS ONE OF THE THINGS THEY THINK MAKES SENSE BEFORE YOU LOOK AT WHAT’S GOING ON. THE PROBLEM OF THIS COUNTRY IS LOW INCOME AMERICANS ARE NOT LIVING LONGER, THEIR LIFE EXPECTANCY IS BEING REDUCED BECAUSE OF POVERTY AND OTHER CONDITIONS. IF YOU RAISE THE RETIREMENT AGE, YOU ARE CREATING A SYSTEM THAT A LOT OF LOW INCOME AMERICANS WILL NEVER BENEFIT FROM. I WOULDN’T BE IN FAVOR OF RAISING RETIREMENT AGE. SOCIAL SECURITY IS A VERY EASY PROGRAM TO GET ON A BETTER FISCAL TRAJECTORY. IT’S SOLVENT SINCE INCEPTION. ALL THESE PEOPLE WHO TELL YOU THEY ARE BANKRUPT ARE NOT LOOKING AT THE FACTS. FROM THE BEGINNING OF THIS PROGRAM, MORE MONEY HAS BEEN PAID IN THAN PAID OUT. THE PROBLEM IS WE ARE INTERESTING A PHASE BECAUSE OF THE BABY BOOMERS WHERE MORE MONEY IS BEING PAID OUT THAN IN. IT WILL GO IN REVERSE BY 2030 TO 2031. WHAT HAPPENS IS BY LAW WE HAVE TO CUT BENEFITS AND THAT’S A 25% CUT AND THAT WOULD BE IMMORAL, IN MY OPINION. THE REASON I SPONSORED THE ONLY BIPARTISAN PROPOSAL TO STRENGTHEN SOCIAL SECURITY IN CONGRESS AND DIIT WITH A GREAT REPUBLICAN WHO CALLED FAIR COMMISSION VERY SIMILAR TO THE GREENSPAN COMMISSION THAT TIP O’NEILL AND RONALD REAGAN DID. THEY PUT EXPERTS IN A ROOM AND SAID COME BACK TO EXTEND THE SOLVENCY OF SOCIAL SECURITY FOR 50 YEARS AND DON’T HURT THE PROGRAM. THEY DID. THEY AGREED THAT CONGRESS WOULD VOTE ON WHATEVER THEY CAME BACK WITH, UP OR DOWN. THEY EXTENDED THE SOLVENCY TO 2030 AND THE POVERTY RATE OF SENIORS WHEN THEY DID WAS 20%. NOW IT’S 10%. IT SHOWS YOU THAT YOU CAN MAKE ADJUSTMENTS TO SOCIAL SECURITY AND NOT HURT THE PROGRAM. THAT’S WHAT I PROPOSE WE DO. WE COME UP WITH A RECOMMENDATION AND EXTEND THE SOLVENCY FOR 75 YEARS AND HAVE VERY LITTLE IMPACT ON THE PROGRAM. IT’S EASY TO DO. IF YOU WAIT UNTIL THE LAST MINUTE, IT’S REALLY HARD TO DO. THAT’S WHY I HAVE BEEN SO FOCUSED ON TAKING THIS INCREDIBLY IMPORTANT PROGRAM, THE MOST SUCCESSFUL ANTI-POVERTY PROGRAM THIS COUNTRY EVER CREATE AND MAKING SURE IT’S AROUND FOR THE NEXT GENERATION OF AMERICANS. [ APPLAUSE ]>>THANKS AND WE WILL TURN TO THE AUDIENCE AGAIN. FIRST UP IS STORM LAKE CITY COUNCILMAN, JOSÉ AYBARA WHO IMMIGRATED HERE FROM MEXICO. HAVE AT IT, JOSÉ.>>HI, JOSÉ.>>HOW ARE YOU DOING? SO ONE OF THE MAIN ISSUES AFFECTING RURAL UNITS IS A LACK OF A WORKFORCE. IT TOOK ME 16 YEARS TO GET MY CITIZENSHIP. IT TOOK MY WIFE NEARLY 20 YEARS TO GET HER GREEN CARD. NOW, WITH THE CURRENT ADMINISTRATION AND EVEN OUR VERY OWN STEVE KING CONTINUING TO DEMONIZE IMMIGRANTS FROM THE LATIN AMERICAN COUNTRIES — >>CAN WE NOT TALK ABOUT STEVE KING?>>ALL RIGHT. AS HE DEMONIZES US, THE CURRENT IMMIGRATION LAWS ARE VERY LIKELY TO STAY THE SAME OR GET WORSE. IF YOU WERE PRESIDENT, WHAT WOULD YOU DO OR WHAT CHANGES WOULD YOU RECOMMEND TO THE IMMIGRATION LAWS THAT WOULD MAKE IT EASIER AND SIMPLER FOR PEOPLE WHO WANT TO COME AND WORK AND DO IT LEGALLY.>>GREAT QUESTION. [ APPLAUSE ] SO JOSÉ, THE GENTLEMEN CAN STEP SO I CAN SEE JOSÉ. THANK YOU. IN MY FIRST 100 DAYS OF PRESIDENT I WILL HAVE A LIST OF FIVE OR SIX THINGS TO FOCUS ON. THEY ARE ALL BIG IDEAS THAT I KNOW HAVE BIPARTISAN SUPPORT AND I CAN GET THEM DONE. ON THAT LIST IS COMPREHENSIVE IMMIGRATION REFORM SIMILAR TO WHAT WE HAD IN 2013. IT WAS A HUGE MISSED OPPORTUNITY FOR THE COUNTRY. IT PASSED THE SENATE WITH SIGNIFICANT BIPARTISAN SUPPORT AND WOULD HAVE PASSED THE HOUSE IF IT HAD A VOTE AND PRESIDENT OBAMA WOULD SIGN IT INTO LAW. IT TOOK THE WHOLE IMMIGRATION SYSTEM THAT HASN’T BEEN UPDATED AND DID IMPORTANT UPDATES AND REFORMED THE VISA PROGRAMS AND CREATED A PATHWAY TO CITIZENSHIP FOR THE 11 MILLION UNDOCUMENTED FOLKS WHO ARE CONTRIBUTING TO OUR COUNTRY IN SO MANY WAYS IN OUR COMMUNITIES. IT ACTUALLY PUT MONOBOY ON BORD SECURITY. EVERYONE GOT SOMETHING AND WE SHOULD PUT OUR SHOULDER BEHIND THAT AND GET IT PASSED. OUR COUNTRY WOULD BE BETTER OFF IN SO MANY WAY FIST THAT LAW PASSED. IT WAS A HUGE MISSED OPPORTUNITY. THERE ARE OTHER THINGS AS PART OF OUR IMMIGRATION STRATEGY. THAT IS WHAT’S GOING WITH ASYLUM SEEKERS AT THE MEXICAN BORDER AND WHAT’S GOING ON IN CENTRAL AMERICA. MY WIFE AND I WENT DOWN THERE TWO MONTHS AGO AND TOOK 14 LAW STUDENTS WITH US. MY WIFE JUST STEPPED DOWN AS THE BOARD CHAIR AT GEORGETOWN LAW SCHOOL. WE HELPED ASYLUM SEEKERS MAKE THEIR CASE FOR SEEKING ASYLUM. I SAT WITH THE WOMEN AND CHILDREN IN A FACILITY IN TEXAS WHERE THERE ARE 1700 WOMEN AND CHILDREN. WHEN YOU HEAR THE STORIES OF WHAT THESE PEOPLE AND THE CONDITIONS THAT THEY ARE FLEEING, EVERY PERSON IN THIS ROOM WOULD DO THE SAME THING. WE HAVE TO DO SOMETHING THERE AS WELL. IF WE EVER WANT TO KIND OF STABILIZE THE SITUATION. I’M FOR COMPREHENSIVE IMMIGRATION REFORM JUST LIKE WE SHOULD HAVE DONE IN 2013 AND I WILL PUT ALL THE WEIGHT OF THE OFFICE BEHIND GETTING THAT DONE IN MY FIRST 100 DAYS OF OFFICE. THANK YOU, JOSÉ. [ APPLAUSE ]>>AND OUR NEXT QUESTION COMES FROM THE AUDIENCE FROM BETSY LENS MEYER OF STORM LAKE AND THE MOTHER OF A CHILD OF SPECIAL NEEDS AND A COMMUNITY VOLUNTEER. THANKS, BETSY.>>HI, BETSY.>>HI. THE NEEDS OF RURAL SCHOOLS ARE RARELY ADDRESSED AROUND K-12 EDUCATION POLICY. WHAT ARE WAYS THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT CAN PLAY A ROLE IN REDUCING INEQUITY AND IMPROVING OUTCOMES FOR THE 20% OF AMERICA’S CHILDREN WHO ATTEND RURAL SCHOOLS?>>GREAT QUESTION. [ APPLAUSE ] ONE OF THE GREAT INJUSTICES IN OUR SOCIETY IS HOW WE FUND PUBLIC EDUCATION IN THIS COUNTRY. [ APPLAUSE ] IT’S TRUE. IT’S RACIALLY INJUST AND MANY WAYS IT’S OBVIOUSLY UNFAIR TO KMURP COMMUNITIES THAT ARE STRUGGLING ECONOMICALLY. A LOT OF THAT IS RURAL AMERICA. SO THAT’S WHERE THE ROLE OF THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT COMES IN IN MY JUDGMENT TO SUPPORT SCHOOLS, PARTICULARLY THOSE IN AREAS WHERE THERE ARE NOT A LOT OF PROPERTY TAXES. I THINK EVERY KID SHOULD NOT ONLY HAVE A QUALITY PUBLIC EDUCATION AND SHOULDN’T DO THINGS TO ERODE PUBLIC EDUCATION AND VOUCHERIZE THE WHOLE EDATION IS SYSTEM. EVERY KID SHOULD START AT PRE-K. YOU DO A GOOD JOB IN IOWA, BUT A LOT OF PLACES DON’T. THEY SHOULD HAVE SOMETHING AFTER HIGH SCHOOL. CAREER OR TECHNICAL TRAINING. IT’S TRUE. CAREER OR TECHNICAL TRAINING OR COMMUNITY COLLEGE. LAST YEAR THE U.S. MILITARY SAID THAT 71% OF HIGH SCHOOL GRADUATES WERE NOT ELIGIBLE FOR THE MILITARY. BECAUSE OF ACADEMIC, HEALTH CARE OR SOCIAL DEFICIENCIES. THAT’S A BIT OF A REPORT CARD ON HOW WELL WE ARE DOING WITH OUR PUBLIC SCHOOLS. I THINK THERE NEEDS TO BE MUCH MORE ZERO TO THREE PROGRAMMING FOR LOW INCOME KIDS. TOO OFTEN YOU HEAR THESE STORIES WHERE KIDS START SCHOOL AND HEARD A 30 OF THE WORDS OTHER KIDS HAVE BECAUSE THEY GREW UP IN A LOW-INCOME FAMILY. WE NEED AN ADVANCING SOCIETY. PUBLIC EDUCATION IS ABOUT THE FUTURE. THIS ISSUE WITH HOW THEY ARE FUNDED IS REALLY A PROBLEM. LAST YEAR IN OUR COUNTRY, 80% OF THE VENTURE CAPITAL, THE KIND OF MONEY THAT INVESTS IN THE NEXT GREAT COMPANY. 80% OF THAT WENT TO 50 COUNTIES IN OUR COUNTRY. OUT OF 3,100 COUNTIES. 1.6% OF THE COUNTIES GOT 80% OF THE SMART MONEY, YET 80% OF THE KIDS LIVE IN A COUNTY WHERE THE JOBS GETTING CREATED ARE NOT AS GOOD AS THE JOBS THAT USED TO EXIST. IT’S TERRIBLE. THAT’S NOT A COUNTRY OF OPPORTUNITY. THAT’S A COUNTRY OF BIRTH RIGHT. RIGHT? YOU GOTTA BE BORN — [ APPLAUSE ] THAT’S WHY SO MUCH OF MY AGENDA IS FOCUSED ON POLICIES TO ENCOURAGE PEOPLE TO INVEST IN COMMUNITIES. WHEN I’M DONE BEING PRESIDENT I WANT 80% OF THE VENTURE CAPITAL TO GO IN 1500, NOT 15. I WANT INVESTMENT IN THESE COMMUNITIES. I SPENT MY WHOLE LIFE DOING IT. THERE ARE REAL POLICIES THAT CAN GET PEOPLE TO INVEST IN COMMUNITIES AND WHILE THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT IS DOING THINGS TO HELP PUBLIC SCHOOLS, I WANT TO HELP THE ECONOMIES SO THAT THE TAX BASE GROWS. THAT CAN ALSO FUEL BETTER PUBLIC EDUCATION. THANK YOU, BETSY.>>THERE IS ANOTHER PART OF THIS THAT ABOUT A THIRD OF IOWA IS A CHILD CARE DEBT. THERE IS NO DAYCARE CENTER IN STORM LAKE, A TOWN OF 10 TO 15,000 PEOPLE. WHAT CAN WE DO?>>THAT’S WHY THE ZERO TO THREE IS SO IMPORTANT. I THINK EDUCATION IS A PATHWAY. WE THINK OF THE PATHWAY AS K-12. THAT WAS DEVELOPED IN 1892. BY 10 PROGRESSIVES THINKING ABOUT THE NEXT CENTURY AND THE EDUCATION KIDS WOULD NEED. WE HAVEN’T UPDATED THAT. IT SHOULD BE PRE-K THROUGH SOMETHING AFTER HIGH SCHOOL. WE NEED 0-3 PROGRAMS. ABSOLUTELY. THEY HAVE TO BE MEANS TESTED. AT THIS POINT I WANT TO MAKE PRE-K A RIGHT OF EVERY KID AND THINGS AFTER HIGH SCHOOL. 0-3 PROGRAMS SO EVERY KID HAS ACCESS TO EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION. IT IS ABSOLUTELY THE BEST INVESTMENT WE MAKE. THE PROJECTRY OF THE KIDS CHANGES ENTIRELY ACROSS THEIR WHOLE EDUCATIONAL EXPERIENCE. THE RETURN ON THAT INVESTMENT IS ABSOLUTELY THE BEST INVESTMENT WE MAKE. NO KID IN STORM LAKE OR ANYWHERE ELSE SHOULD NOT HAVE ACCESS TO EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION.>>THANK YOU. BIG HAND FOR JOHN DELANEY. THANK YOU. I LOVE SEEING YOU.>>I LOVE SEEING YOU. SO NICE TO MEET YOU.>>GREAT, AND NOW OUR NEIGHBOR FROM THE NORTH. SENATOR AMY KLOBUCHAR OF MINNESOTA! [ APPLAUSE ] THANKS FOR COMING. GREAT TO SEE YOU.>>THANK YOU SO MUCH.>>PLEASE HAVE A SEAT.>>THANK YOU, ART.>>THE MOST IMPORTANT QUESTION ON THE MINDS OF MOST PEOPLE HERE TODAY IS DO YOU THINK THE TWINS HAVE ENOUGH PITCHING TO GET THEM THROUGH APRIL?>>LET’S JUST SAY THEY ARE PLAYING NOW, BUT AFTER ONE GAME, THEY ARE 1-0.>>THAT’S RIGHT.>>THEY GOT CLEVELAND IN THE OPENER.>>WE WILL WIN THE CENTRAL, I BELIEVE IT. TAKE A COUPLE OF MINUTES AND TELL US IOWANS OF LESSER STANDING THAN MINNESOTAMINNESOT.>>IT IS WONDERFUL TO BE HERE AND AS YOU KNOW, I’M YOUR SENATOR NEXT DOOR. I CAN SEE IOWA FROM MY PORCH. [ APPLAUSE ] AFTER SPENDING THE MORNING TODAY AND YESTERDAY RIGHT OUTSIDE OF COUNCIL BLUFFS IN THE FLOODED AREAS AND SEEING HOMEOWNERS AND FARMER WHO IS LOST EVERYTHING AND THEY WERE STILL THERE AT THE PANCAKE BREAKFAST HELPING EACH OTHER. IT MADE ME THINK ABOUT WHAT WE HAVE NOW GOING ON IN THE WHITE HOUSE. THAT IS NOT THE COMMUNITY SPIRIT THAT BRINGS US TOGETHER. WE SEE SOMEONE THAT DIVIDES US AND I WANT TO EMULATE THAT SPIRIT WE SEE IN IOWA AND THAT IS CROSSING THE RIVER OF OUR DIVIDES TO A HIGHER PLAIN IN OUR POLITICS. THAT’S WHY I’M RUNNING. NUMBER TWO, COMING FROM A STATE THAT IS MAJOR IN AGRICULTURE, I BELIEVE THAT KIDS THAT GROW UP IN RURAL AMERICA SHOULD BE ABLE TO LIVE IN RURAL AMERICA. THAT MEANS A STRONG SAFETY NET IN A FARM BILL. THAT’S WHY SINCE 2008, I HAVE BEEN ADVOCATING FOR COMMODITY CAPS. THE PAYMENTS SOME SHGO TO SMALL FARMERS AND NOT THE 90210 AREA CODE. THAT’S WHY I ADVOCATED FOR A VACCINE BANK AND MAKING SURE OR BEGINNING FARMERS AND RANCHERS HAVE THE INCENTIVES SO WE HAVE YOUNG PEOPLE GOING INTO AGRICULTURE. TOM HAS BEEN SUCH A LEADER ON. THAT’S WHY I BELIEVE WE NEED GOOD EDUCATION, RURAL HOSPITALS THAT ARE STRONG, BROUGHT BAND TO EVERY HOUSE AND THE LAST THING I BRING UP AS RANKING MEMBER OF THE ANTITRUST COMMITTEE IS AN ISSUE THAT I HAVE SEEN ALL OVER THIS COUNTRY AND IN PARTICULAR WITH AGRICULTURE. WHEN WE ARE IN A SITUATION WHERE 78% OF THE SEED FOR OUR FARMERS THAT ARE CONTROLLED BY TWO COMPANIES AND OUR RAILROADS ARE DOWN TO FOUR, THE SAME NUMBER AS THE MONOPOLY BOARD, ARE ENTERING A NEW GILDED AGE AND WE NEED TO TAKE ON THE POWER OF THE MONOPOLIES. [ APPLAUSE ]>>THANK YOU. THE GREATEST THREAT TO IOWA IS NOT MEXICANS HOPPING OFF A FREIGHT TRAIN IF THEY DON’T DIE TRYING. THE GREEST THREAT IS SOIL LOSS BY EXTREME WEATHER AS A RESULT OF CLIMATE CHANGE. IOWA IS LOSING SOIL FOUR TO TEN TIMES FASTER THAN CAN BE REGENERATED. UNIVERSITY OF MINNESOTA RESEARCH SUGGESTS THAT CORN YIELDS IN IOWA COULD DECLINE BY 50% IN COMING DECADES. WHAT ARE YOU PREPARED TO DO NOW ABOUT CLIMATE CHANGE AND TO STOP THIS SOIL LOSS TO PROTECT FOOD PRODUCTION IN NORTH AMERICA.>>VERY GOOD QUESTION. OUR FARMERS ARE GOOD STEWARDS, RIGHT? WHAT WE HAVE SEEN IN THIS COUNTRY IS A CHANGE IN OUR CLIMATE. WHAT WE HAVE SEEN IS A WARMING OF OUR CLIMATE TO THE POINT THAT WE KNOW THAT IT’S GOING ON RIGHT NOW. WE SEE IT IN THE FLOODS WE TALKED ABOUT AND THE WILDFIRES AND I THINK IT’S IMPORTANT TO HAVE A CANDIDATE FROM THE MIDWEST WHO IS ABLE TO TALK ABOUT THESE MID-WESTERN ISSUES AS WELL AS WHAT’S GOING ON ON THE COAST WITH CLIMATE CHANGE. WHAT WE NEED TO DO IS NUMBER ON DAY ONE AS YOUR PRESIDENT I WILL SINUS BACK INTO THAT INTERNATIONAL CLIMATE CHANGE AGREEMENT. WE ARE THE ONLY COUNTRY THAT’S NOT IN IT. NUMBER TWO, BRINGING BACK THE CLEAN POWER RULES THAT HAVE BEEN WORKED ON FOR YEARS AND ARE NOW ON THE CUTTING ROOM FLOOR AS WELL AS GAS MILEAGE STANDARDS AND SMARTER INSIDE FOR TRANSIT AND BUILDING CODES. THE ONE THING IS TO KEEP THE CONSERVATION PROVISIONS IN THAT FARM BILL STRONG. I THINK YOU ALL KNOW AND SENATOR THUNE AND I LED THE SOD SAVER PROV PROVISION. IT’S ONE OF THE BEST MEASURES WE HAVE GOT. WHAT WE LEARNED OVERTIME IS WE WILL GET THAT PASSED GIVEN THAT WE LOSE A CONSERVATIVE REPUBLICAN FROM RURAL STATES ALL THE TIME. WE NEED A COALITION AND PEOPLE WHO CARE ABOUT NUTRITION AND FARMING AND PEOPLE WHO CARE ABOUT CONSERVATION, INCLUDING OUR HUNTERS. THAT MADE A BIG DIFFERENCE IN GETTING THAT FARM BILL PASSED AND NEED TO KEEP THE CONSERVATION PROVISIONS STRONG.>>THANK YOU.>>YOU’RE WELCOME.>>LOCAL MEDIA IS STRUGGLING AND KNOW ART HAS PLENTY OF STORIES AND YOU COME FROM A NEWS FAMILY. A LOT OF THINGS HAVE BEEN PLAYING. EQUITY AND SOCIAL MEDIA COMPANIES LIKE FACEBOOK. WHAT ROLE DO YOU THINK THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT HAS IF ANY IN HELPING SOCIAL GREED?>>VERY GOOD QUESTION AND EVERYONE SHOULD JUST WIN A PULITZER PRIZE AND WE WOULD BE FINE. I BELIEVE THAT YOU HAVE SEEN A SITUATION WHERE THE SOCIAL MEDIA COMPANIES KEEP SAYING WE ARE REALLY JUST THE INTERNET. WE ARE NOT MEDIA COMPANIES. THEY ARE MEDIA COMPANIES. THEY ARE MAKING A PROFIT OFF OF OUR PERSONAL DATA. WE HAVE TO TREAT THEM LIKE MEDIA COMPANIES. THAT DOESN’T MEAN WE WANT THEM TO GO AWAY. DOESN’T MEAN WE DON’T WANT TO COMMUNICATE VERSUS THE INTERNET AND GO BACKWARDS IN TIME. IT MEANS WE NEED TO PUT RULES OF THE ROAD IN PLACE. PRIVACY LEGISLATION. DWLEENG YOUR DATA SHOULD BE SENT OUT WITHOUT YOUR PERMISSION TO EVERYWHERE IN THE WORLD. pYOU HA PRIVATE. SECONDLY, MAKING SURE THAT WE ARE NOTIFIED OF BREECHES. THIS IS ALL IN A BILL THAT I HAVE WITH SENATOR KENNEDY OF LOUISIANA. THIRD THING IS ANTITRUST THAT I ALREADY MENTIONED. LOOK THE AT THE ANTITRUST RULES IN ANOTHER WAY TO LOOK AT WHAT THE ACQUISITIONS ARE AND NOT JUST AT THE MERGERS WHEN THEY OCCURRED GOING FORWARD, BUT ALSO BACKWARDS AND THE LAST THING I MENTIONED WHICH REALLY MATTERS FOR OUR DEMOCRACY, ESPECIALLY FOR PEOPLE IN IOWA THAT WANT TO HAVE A VOICE IN OUR DEMOCRACY AND THAT WENT ON IN 2016 WHEN CORPORATIONS, RUSSIA BOUGHT $1.4 BILLION IN ADS ON THE INTERNET AND NOT ONE RULE IN PLACE THAT ALLOWED YOU TO FIND OUT WHERE THAT MONEY CAME FROM AND HOW IT WAS SPENT AND WHAT THE ADS WERE. THAT’S WHY THE HONEST ADS ACT THAT I INTRODUCED WITH SENATOR McCAIN LAST SESSION AND WILL INTRODUCE AGAIN WHEN I FIND A REPUBLICAN, MAKE YOU CAN FIND ONE FOR ME. WE NEED TO PASS IT. IT IS THE ONLY WAY WE CAN GUARANTEE THAT WE KNOW EXACTLY THE MONEY BEING SPENT LOOKING AT $4 BILLION GOING INTO THIS NEXT ELECTION. $4 BILLION IN ADS. WE WANT TO KNOW WHAT THE ADS ARE AND WHO IS PAYING FOR THEM. OTHERWISE ALL OF THESE CAMPAIGN FINANCE RULES WE HAVE IN PLACE MEAN NOTHING. [ APPLAUSE ] IN A NORMAL YEAR THEY HAVE ABOUT 30 MILLION TONS OF SOY BEANS TO CHINA. ABOUT A FOURTH OF THE ENTIRE DOMESTIC HARVEST. THE CHINESE GOVERNMENT HAS HUNDREDS OF THOUSANDS OF EAGER MUSLIMS DETAINED IN REEDUCATION CAMPS. WHAT ARE THE MORAL PARTNERS ENGAGED IN WIDESPREAD HUMAN RIGHTS VIOLATIONS?>>THAT HAS TO BE A MAJOR PART OF OUR TRADE NEGOTIATIONS, BUT IT ALSO HAS TO BE WHAT YOU WANT TO SEE IN A PRESIDENT AND HOW A PRESIDENT ADDRESSES HUMAN RIGHTS VIOLATIONS. YOU HAVE GOT A PRESIDENT THAT STANDS UP AND SAYS HE BELIEVES VLADIMIR PUTIN STANDS NEXT TO HIM AND SAYS THAT OVER HIS OWN INTELLIGENCE OR WILLING TO TURN THE OTHER WAY WHEN A JOURNALIST FOR AN AMERICAN NEWSPAPER GETS KILL AND DISMEMBERED IN AN EMBASSY IN SAUDI ARABIA AND DOESN’T HOLD THEM RESPONSIBLE. THAT IS TURN THE OTHER CHEEK. [ APPLAUSE ] THIS PRESIDENT NEEDS TO GO BACK TO THE NEGOTIATING TABLE WITH CHINA. HUMAN RIGHTS HAS TO BE A MAJOR PART OF THE DISCUSSION AND THE OTHER THING THAT I WOULD ADD HERE IS WHEN YOU TALK ABOUT WHAT WHEN IT COMES TO SOY BEANS, AND I KNOW THAT IOWA IS EXPERIENCING THIS, TOO. I’M GLAD THAT THE ADMINISTRATION DECIDED TO GET THAT $12 BILLION SET ASIDE TO MAKE UP FOR THE TRADE WARS, THAT’S NOT THE SAME AS SELLING THINGS. THAT’S NOT THE SAME AS HAVING VALUE WITH YOUR PRODUCT. WE HAD A SOY BEAN FARMER IN NORTHERN PIN PIN AND I GOT TO KNOW HIS WIFE REALLY WELL AND LAST YEAR THEY COULDN’T MAKE IT. THIGH TRIED AND THE FARM IN THEIR FAMILY WAS SINCE 1899. 950 ACRES. LAST YEAR HE COMMITTED SUICIDE. THAT’S WHAT WE ARE STARTING TO SEE. IT’S NOT JUST EARNING A LIVING, RIGHT? THIS IS A FAMILY THAT WAS PASSED ON FROM GENERATION TO GENERATION TO GENERATION. THAT’S WHY I FEEL SO STRONGLY THAT THIS RURAL AGENDA HAS TO INCLUDE UNDERSTANDING THE PEOPLE THAT MAKE OUR AGRICULTURAL SYSTEM RUN. THE PEOPLE THAT FOOD DOESN’T MAGICALLY SHOW UP ON YOUR TABLE AND YOU DON’T GET SOMETHING ON YOUR PLATE OUT OF THE BLUE. SUICIDE PREVENTION AND MAKING SURE WE HAVE MONEY SET ASIDE FOR MENTAL HEALTH, RIGHT? RURAL AREAS AND THAT WE ARE FOCUS FOCUSSING ON ONE OTHER WITH FARM BANK BANKRUPTCIES. THEY ALLOW YOU TO KEEP YOUR FARM IN BANKRUPTCY.>>WE WILL TAKE A QUESTION FROM THE AUDIENCE FROM YOUR KRASHS HOST. DR. JOSHUA MERCHANT.>>LET ME WELCOME TO YOU BBU. WE ARE IN A CLIMATE WHERE EVERYONE SEEMS TO BE TALKING ABOUT FREE COLLEGE. I’M INTERESTED HOW YOU WOULD PROPOSE TO PAY FOR THAT, BUT SECONDLY I’M INTERESTED IN HOW YOU WOULD THINK ABOUT PROTECTING RURAL PRIVATE INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER EDUCATION THAT SERVE STUDENTS WHO ARE LOOKING FOR AN OUTSTANDING EDUCATIONAL EXPERIENCE AS WELL AS PRESERVING THOSE INSTITUTIONS LIKE THE UNIVERSITY WHO SUPPORT AND STRENGTHEN OUR COMMUNITY HERE IN STORM LAKE AND OUR REGION AND OUR STATE.>>THANK YOU FOR THAT QUESTION.>>YOU ARE TALKING TO THE PERSON YOU SHOULD WATCH MY DEBATE THAT WAS ASKED ABOUT FREE COLLEGE FOR EVERYONE BY A STUDENT. I SAID I DON’T THINK WE CAN AFFORD FREE COLLEGE FOR EVERYONE. YOU CAN CLAP BY YOURSELF, BUT — WHAT I DO THINK WE CAN DO IS EXPAND PELL GRANTS IN A BIG WAY TO MAKE THEM MORE ACCESSIBLE AND MAKE IT SO THAT KIDS CAN REFINANCE AND ADULTS CAN BECAUSE RIGHT NOW, WE HAVE A SITUATION WHERE WE COULD EASILY PAY FOR THIS BY PUTTING THE BUFFETT RULE IN PLACE AND BY LOOKING AT THE WAY OUR TAX CODE WORKS, I ALSO THINK THAT WE SHOULD HAVE FREE TWO-YEAR COMMUNITY COLLEGE. WHEN I LOOK AT THE JOBS AVAILABLE RIGHT NOW OUT THERE, WE HAVE A LOT OF JOB OPENINGS FOR AREAS THAT COULD USE A ONE-YEAR DEGREE, A TWO-YEAR DEGREE. WE ARE JUST NOT FILLING THOSE JOBS. PART IS ECONOMIC IMPERATIVE, BUT THE OTHER IS THAT THERE ARE A LOT OF KIDS THAT GO OFF THE GRID AND WORK IN RURAL JOBS AND IF WE CAN GET THEM STARTED IN THAT WAY AND THEY CAN LATER GET ANOTHER DEGREE AND GO ON TO COMPLETE THEIR FOUR-YEAR DEGREE. THAT’S WHAT MY SISTER DID. SHE DIDN’T GRADUATE FROM HIGH SCHOOL. SHE CAME TO IOWA AND WORKED IN MANUFACTURING FOR YEARS AND GOT HER TWO-YEAR DEGREE AND HER FOUR-YEAR DEGREE AND GAINFULLY EMPLOYED AS AN ACCOUNTANT. THERE MANY PATHS TO SUCCESS AND WE HAVE TO UNDERSTAND WE WANT TO MAKE IT EASY ARE FOR AREAS THAT ARE MORE ISOLATED TO ACCESS THESE PROGRAMS, WHETHER THEY ARE IN COLLEGES LIKE THIS ONE OR WHETHER THEY ARE IN COMMUNITY COLLEGES. THAT’S GOING TO BE MY FOCUS. WE HAVE TO WORK WITH THE ECONOMY AND WHERE THE JOBS ARE AS WELL AS MAKING COLLEGE MORE AF AFFORDABLE FOR EVERYONE, ESPECIALLY RURAL STUDENTS.>>SORRY YOUR SISTER STILL IN IOWA?>>NO, SHE MOVED, BUT IOWA LITERALLY SAVED HER LIFE IS AND SHE WAS ABLE IT GET A JOB AND SHE WAS ABLE TO GO TO A TWO-YEAR COMMUNITY COLLEGE LIKE MY DAD DID AND WENT ON TO THE UNIVERSITY OF MINNESOTA AND SHE DID DOWN HERE. THEY GOT THEIR FOUR-YEAR DEGREES. I SEE THIS IDEA THAT YOU HAVE COOKIE CUTTER WAYS OF EDUCATING PEOPLE THAT IS JUST NOT REALITY FOR A LOT OF FAMILIES.>>THANK YOU. OUR NEXT QUESTION IS FROM MY FRIEND BOB LEONARD WHO IS A NEWS DIRECTOR FOR KINA, KRLS RADIO, PELLA INDIAN OL’A AND A FREQUENT CONTRIBUTOR TO THE OP ED PAGES OF THE “NEW YORK TIMES.” BOB?>>I THOUGHT YOU WERE GOING TO SAY THE STORM LAKE TIMES.>>THAT TOO!>>IN AGRINEWS, ALAN WROTE A PIECE SAYING WAL-MART AND COSTCO HAVE BECOME FARMERS. IN MID 2018, WAL-MART BEGAN BOTTLING MILK IN A NEWLY BUILT FACILITY IN INDIANA FOR 500 STORES IN MITCH LAN, ILLINOIS, OHIO, KENTUCKY AND INDIAN A. WAL-MART HAS WAL-MART-CONTRACTED TRUCKERS HAULING WAL-MART CONTRACTED MILK TO A WAL-MART BOTTLING PLANT THAT WAL-MART WILL THEN PROCESS AND TO WAL-MART STORES ON WAL-MART TRUCKS TO SELL DIRECTLY TO WAL-MART CUSTOMERS. COSTCO IS DOING THE SAME FOR CHICKENS AND MILK AND CHICKENS ARE LOST LEADERS FOR THE CHAINS. THE VERTICAL INTEGRATION IS A CRISIS IN THE INDUSTRY. WHAT SPECIFICALLY WILL YOU DO TO ADDRESS THIS? THANK YOU.>>THANK YOU. THAT’S A GREAT QUESTION.>>THERE WAS A MOVEMENT STARTED HERE IN MINNESOTA AND IOWA CALLED THE GRARCHLER MOVEMENT. THEY FELT THEY WERE NOT GETTING THE RIGHT PRICE BECAUSE YOU HAD MONOPOLY RAILROAD COMPANIES AND YOU HAD MONOPOLIES IN IRON ORE AND ALL OVER THIS COUNTRY. THIS MOVEMENT STARTED WHERE FARMERS WERE THERE WITH THE PITCH FORKS AND BARNS AND MEETING WITH THE ELECTED OFFICIALS AND YOU HAD UNION WORKERS IN CHICAGO AND ALL OF THIS CAME TOGETHER TO SAY WE WANT TO SEE A CHANGE IN OUR LAWS. THAT’S WHAT WE NEED TO SEE TODAY. I GIVE YOU TWO IDEAS WHEN IT COMES TO THE VERTICAL INTEGRATION. YOU ARE ALSO SEEING IT IN THE TECH INDUSTRY AND OTHER PLACES. FIRST OF ALL, WE NEED TO BE ABLE TO JUMP-START BYPASSING RULES THE WAY YOU PAY FOR THINGS. I SUGGEST YOU LOOK AT MY BILL THAT ALLOWS FEES ON THE MEGA MERGERS AND INCREASE IN FEES. I HAVE A BUNCH OF PEOPLE AND I WILL GET A REPUBLICAN NOW. THAT WOULD BETTER FUND THE INVESTIGATIONS SO WE START GOING AFTER THESE AND LOOK AT THIS VERTICAL INTEGRATION. YOU CAN ALSO DO IT ON THE AG SIDE. THE SECOND THING IS CHANGING THE ANTITRUST LAWS. WITH GORSUCH AND KAVANAUGH ON THE BENCH, YOU WILL NOT LOOK AT THESE SITUATIONS THROUGH THE COURTS. IT’S JUST NOT GOING TO HAPPEN FOR DECADES TO COME. THEY ARE GOING TO SWITCH ON US. THEY ARE GETTING MORE AND MORE CONSERVATIVE. I WOULD SUGGEST YOU LOOK AT THE BILL THAT CHANGES SO THAT ON MERGER FRONT, ON SOME OF THESE MAJOR MERGERS THAT YOU ACTUALLY SLIP THE BURDEN AND SAY IF YOU HAVE THIS HAPPEN, IT DOESN’T REDUCE COMPETITION. IF WE STIFLE COMPETITION THROUGH INTEGRATION AND MONOPOLIES, WE ARE NOT JUST GOING TO BRING UP THE PRICES FOR CONSUMERS, BUT STIFLE ENTREPRENEURSHIP. YOU KNOW THE FIRST STATE THAT HAD A COMPREHENSIVE ANTITRUST LAW? IT WAS IOWA. IOWA DID IT IN 1888. THAT’S RIGHT. NOW WE KNOW WE HAVE TO DO IT ON THE FEDERAL LEVEL AND IMPROVE THE LAWS WE HAVE NOW. THANK YOU.>>FROM MY LIFELONG FRIEND FROM NEW YORK, JESSE IS A SECRETARY TREASURER AND PRINCIPAL OFFICER OF 238 CEDAR RAPIDS, THE LARGEST LOCAL UNION REPRESENTING MEMBERS IN THE PUBLIC AND PRIVATE SECTORS IN 86 OF WA’S 99 COUNTIES. WELCOME HOME, MAN.>>THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT HAS A HISTORY OF HARPING WITH BIG BANKS AND BIG BUSINESSES AND LEAVING FAMILIES TO FEND FOR THEMSELVES. IOWA HAS THE 12th HIGHEST PERCENTAGE OF RETIREES OF ANY STATE IN THE NATION AND AS IOWANS GROW OLDER, RETIREMENT p IMPORTANT TO THE ECONOMY. THE FAILURE OF ONE LARGE PENSION PLAN WOULD MEAN THAT IOWA LOSES $6 MILLION IN REVENUE EVERY YEAR. THAT WOULD LEAVE FAMILIES ECONOMICALLY DEVASTATED AS WELL AS COMMUNITIES. IT DOESN’T JUST COVER IOWA. THERE ARE HUNDREDS OF THOUSANDS OF PEOPLE IN THE PLAN IN RURAL STATES ACROSS THE MIDWEST. AS PRESIDENT, WHAT WOULD YOU DO TO ADVANCE LEGISLATION TO PROTECT PENSIONS AND SOLVE THE PENSION CRISIS FOR MULTIEMPLOYER PLANS? IF BANKS ARE TOO BIG TO FAIL, WHY AREN’T LITTLE CLASS PENSIONS? [ APPLAUSE ]>>THANK YOU, I THINK YOU KNOW WE HAVE BEEN WORKING AND INVOLVED IN THIS PRETTY HEAVILY BECAUSE WE HAVE A LOT OF CENTRAL STATE PENSIONS. I ALWAYS SAY WHAT DO YOU THINK THE NAME OF IT IS? CENTRAL STATE’S PENSION. WE HAVE A LOT IN THIS PENSION FUND. SHERROD BROWN HAS BEEN TRYING TO COME UP WITH A SOLUTION. THE ORIGINAL SOLUTION I VOTED AGAINST IF YOU REMEMBER. IT WAS JUST A DISASTER. IT WOULD HAVE MEANT PEOPLE THAT WORKED THEIR ENTIRE LIVES, MANY OF THEM TRUCKERS WOULD HAVE LOST 70%. 50 TO 70% OF THEIR PENSION. I VOTED AGAINST THAT DEAL AND ULTIMATELY WHEN THEY TRIED IMPLEMENTING IT, THEY REALIZED IT WASN’T FAIR. THAT WENT OUT THE WINDOW AND IT WAS GOOD. THERE IS A LOT OF PAY FORS OUT THERE BECAUSE THIS ADMINISTRATION, THE TRUMP ADMINISTRATION HAS TIME AND TIME AGAIN SIDED WITH THE WEALTHY INSTEAD OF WORKING PEOPLE. YOU LOOK AT THAT TAX BILL. EVERY POINT THAT THEY WENT DOWN ON THE CORPORATE TAX RATE WAS WHERE THEY WENT ALL THE WAY DOWN TO 21%. IT WAS $100 BILLION. $100 BILLION. THINK OF THAT. THE WAY THEY DID THE OVERSEAS TAX HAVENS FOR THE MONEY, I DON’T THINK MANY OF YOU HAVE MONEY IN THE BAHAMAS, BUT YOU WERE BENEFITTED BY THIS. THEY TOOK THE AVERAGE OF THE COUNTRIES INSTEAD OF INDIVIDUAL COUNTRIES. DO YOU KNOW HOW MUCH WE CAN SAVE? $150 BILLION. DO YOU KNOW HOW MUCH COMPREHENSIVE IMMIGRATION REFORM IF THEY WOULDN’T STAND IN THE WAY OF THAT WHICH WOULD B HELPFUL FOR A LOT OF OUR AG SITUATION WITH THE AG PART THAT WE WORKED OUT THERE WITH THE AG WORKER PROGRAM? THAT WOULD SAVE $158 BILLION IN 10 YEARS. YOU LOOK AT THESE THINGS THAT INSTITUTIONALLY HAVE BEEN HELPING THE WEALTHY AND HURTING WORKING PEOPLE. YOU WILL FIND FUNDING FOR THE KIND OF PENSION REFORM AND NOT JUST FOR CENTRAL STATES. THE PENSION GUARANTEE CORPORATION WHERE WE HAVE SEEN PENSIONS IN TROUBLE THAT YOU ARE ASKING FOR. JUST THE LAST THING I WANT TO SAY HERE-DO I HAVE TIME?>>THAT’S THE LAST THING.>>THE VERY LAST THING. I WANT TO THANK THE FARMER’S UNION. THE FARMER’S UNION, I THINK THERE ARE MINNESOTA FOLKS OUT THERE. THEY ARE IN THE BACK.>>WE KEEP THEM IN THE BACK.>>THAT’S THE MINNESOTA LOUD CHEER. THAT WAS LIKE REALLY EXCITED CHEER. MY FRIEND DAVID FREDERICK WHO SPOKE FOR ME AT THE RALLY WORKED FOR ME FOR YEARS AS MY AG GUY AFTER RETIRING AT THE HEAD OF THE NATIONAL FARMER’S UNION. HE SAID I DECIDED I GUESS HIS WIFE SAID I DON’T LIKE YOU HANGING AROUND THE HOUSE. PLEASE GO GET A JOB. HE CAME AND WORKED FOR ME AND I’M PROUD THAT HE IS HERE TODAY AND DID TREMENDOUS WORK WITH THE MINNESOTA FARMER’S UNION AND I THANK THEM FOR STANDING UP FOR FARMERS EVERY DAY. THANK YOU.>>A COUPLE MORE. I LOVE QUESTIONS.>>WE HAVE MORE TIME.>>I’M CURIOUS. SHOULD THE OBAMA ADMINISTRATION HAVE APPROVED THAT MERGER AND DOES THE NEXT ADMINISTRATION NEED MORE AUTHORITY?>>WE NEED MORE RESOURCES AND MORE AT THE JUSTICE DEPARTMENT. WHAT’S INTERESTING ABOUT IT AND WHEN YOU LOOK AT THE MERGERS THAT WERE APPROVED LIKE YOU KNOW YOU ARE NOT GETTING A FAIR DEAL. YOU HAVE LESS AND LESS COMPETITION. YOU ARE NOT GOING TO SEE THEM DEVELOP NEW SEEDS THAT MIGHT BE BETTER FOR THE ENVIRONMENT. YOU NEED THE RESOURCES AND THAT BILL FOR MORE RESOURCES. THE SECOND THING THAT YOU NEED IS AN NUCLEAADMINISTRATION THAT WILLING TO GET IT DONE.pTHE PRE ANTITRUST AND TALKED ABOUT IT, BUT WHEN HE GOT INTO OFFICE, HE SEES IT AS A WEAPON. YOU NOTICE WHAT HE DID ON THE AT&T MERGER. DID HE TALK ABOUT THE MERGER ITSELF? HE WANTED TO GO AFTER IT WHY? BECAUSE OF CNN. HE IS GOING AFTER CNN. INSTEAD OF SAY ING LET’S MAKE THIS WORK BETTER, HE STARTS POLITICIZING IT SO YOU CAN’T GET THE KIND OF RESULTS. WE WOULD LOVE THE ADMINISTRATION’S SUPPORT FOR THE BILLS, BUT THAT’S NOT WHAT WE ARE GETTING. YOU NEED THE RESOURCES AND YOU NEED TO HAVE CHANGE IN LAWS AND BE WILLING TO LOOK BACK AND THINK ABOUT THE CASE THAT WAS SUCCESSFUL, THE AT&T BREAK UP. WE SAW SIGNIFICANT LOWERING OF LONG DISTANCE RATES. YOU HAVE TO PUT THE RESOURCES INTO IT. WE HAVE SEVERAL TRILLION COMPANIES. WE HAVE TO HAVE PEOPLE WHO ARE SOPHISTICATED AS THE CORPORATE TYCOONS TO BE ABLE TO TAKE IT ON. YOU HAVE TALKING ABOUT THE OPPOSING, GIVEN HOW THE COURTS ARE RULING WHICH IS VERY, VERY CONSERVATIVE, IT WILL TAKE DECADES TO CHANGE THAT. THE BEST THING IS TO CHANGE THE ENFORCEMENT BECAUSE YOU STILL GET DEALS THROWN OUT AND THINGS YOU CAN LOOK BACK AND REVIEW AND CHANGE THE LAW.>>SOME FOLKS HAVE CALLED FOR THAT AND DO YOU THINK FAITH SHOULD HAPPEN?>>I WOULD LIKE TO LOOK AT EACH MERGER ON ITS OWN. MAYBE THEY HAVE A LIMIT ON WHAT IT IS. THE BEST THING IS TO BE ABLE TO TAKE THIS ON IN A BIGGER WAY. IT’S NOT JUST AGRICULTURE. A LOOK AT WHAT HAPPENED WITH PHARMACEUTICAL PRICES. A LOOK AT INSULIN. MY GUESS WAS A WOMAN NAMED AND THE AGE OF HIS PARENTS’S INSURANCE AND A RESTAURANT MANAGER AND THE SUBURBS OF THE TWIN CITIES. HE STARTED RATIONING INSULIN AND HE DIED. A COMMON DRUG THAT HAS BEEN AROUND FOR NEARLY A CENTURY. JUST PICKING OUT CERTAIN INDUSTRIES. WHEN YOU TRY TO GET DEALS, NEARLY 80% IS ONLY TWO COMPANIES. IT HAS ALL THE DIFFERENT NAMES LIKE EXPEDIA. IT’S ONLY TWO COMPANIES. THIS IS GOING ON ACROSS AMERICA. I WOULD LIKE TO GO IN A WAY BIGGER THAN I THINK WHAT IS THE FFA CREED, THAT THE FUTURE OF AGRICULTURE IS NOT IN WORDS, BUT DEEDS. I WOULD LIKE TO LIKE TO BE TAKING A DIFFERENT APPROACH TO THE COMPANIES.>>THANK YOU VERY MUCH.>>HE IS FULL OF MINNESOTA REFERENCES.>>I KNEW YOUR DAD.>>HE IS 90.>>THANK YOU AGAIN.>>THANK YOU. SEE YOU GUYS. I GAVE IOWA AND MIKE AND BOBBY. THEY HAVE CONGRESSMAN TIM RYAN FROM YOUNGSTOWN, OHIO.>>ANY TIME I CAN GET THROWN IN.>>NORTHERN IOWA IS THE FAR BETTER FOOTBALL TEAM IN YOUNGSTOWN STATE.>>I KNOW THAT ALL TOO WELL, SIR.>>THANK YOU AGAIN FOR COMING. WE APPRECIATE THE EFFORT YOU TOOK TO GET HERE. WHAT’S YOUR VISION TO KIND OF REVITALIZE WHAT WE KNOW AS I GUESS THE RUST BELT?>>I APPRECIATE THAT.>>THE STOCK MARKET IS AS HIGH AS IT HAS BEEN AND UNEMPLOYMENT IS LOW AND THERE IS A CHRONIC LEVEL OF STRESS IN OUR SOCIETY TODAY BECAUSE OF CHRONIC UNCERTAINTY. THIS IS ECONOMIC ANXIETY AND AROUND RETIREMENT. PENSION, SECURITY, AND I THINK IT’S TIME FOR A NEW WAY OF DOING THING. NEW MOM TICKS AND NEW IDEAS AND NEW WAYS TO INJECT IDEAS INTO THE ECONOMY. WE LOST THE LAST SHIFT TO A GENERAL MOTORS PLANT THAT STARTED IN 1966 AND HAD ABOUT 16,000 WORKERS. IT’S NOW IDLE. THE SUPPLIER TO THAT FACTORY WAS AT ABOUT 13,000. THAT’S DOWN TO PROBABLY LESS THAN 1,000 PEOPLE NOW. WE HAVE SEEN OVER THE LAST 30 OR 40 YEARS, COMMUNITIES LIKE THE ONE I COME FROM AND THE ONE I REPRESENT GET DEVASTATED. WITH NO PLAN AND NO SHORT, MID-OR LONG RANGE PLAN IN THE UNITED STATES FOR HOW WE BRING IT BACK. I BELIEVE THAT RURAL AMERICA IS IN THE SAME BOAT. YOU KNOW BETTER THAN I DO. HOW WE GET THESE MANUFACTURING CENTERS AND THE URBAN CENTERS WHO HAVE BEEN HOLLOWED OUT IN THE LAST 30 OR 40 YEARS, TIED TOGETHER POLITICALLY WITH RURAL AMERICA. SAME ISSUES. REPORTS CLOSING DOWN AND CHILDREN LEAVING. OPIATE EPIDEMIC AND FAIL TOWER FUND THE LOCAL PUBLIC SERVICES. THE SAME PROBLEMS I’VE READ ABOUT AND WHAT’S HAPPENING HERE. THE ONLY WAY FORWARD IS FOR US TO COME TOGETHER POLITICALLY. IT’S THE DIVISION THAT IS PREVENTING US FROM GETTING TO WHERE WE NEED TO BE. CARING ABOUT EACH OTHER AND LOVING EACH OTHER AND BEING CONCERNED ABOUT EACH OTHER AND RESPECTING EACH OTHER. THEN BUILDING AN AGENDA ON THE MUTUAL RESPECT AND NEED. THAT TO ME IS WHAT NEEDS TO HAPPEN IN THE COUNTRY.>>ACCORDING TO THE USDA.>>THIS IS A VERY COMFORTABLE CHAIR, BUT TO TURN ALL THE WAY OVER THERE IS A LOT OF WORK.>>THANKS FOR PUTTING IN THE EFFORT.>>THEY ARE IN URBAN AREAS. DURING THE GREAT RECESSION, WE LOST A TON OF MANUFACTURING JOBS.>>A LOT OF THEM IF THEY GO BACK 30 YEARS, A LOT OF THEM LEFT AND WENT TO MEXICO AND THEN TO CHINA. LATELY IT’S BEEN MORE AUTOMATION. I WAS JUST IN THE AUTO PLANT. TWO PEOPLE ARE DOING THE JOB IN THE MIDDLE IN THE FRONT WINDSHIELD. BECAUSE OF ALL THE ROBOTIC PARTS DOING IT. NOW IT’S TWO PEOPLE AND A ROBOT. 1977 WHEN THE STEEL MILLS COLLAPSED, WE CALL BLACK MONDAY. THE TECHNOLOGY IN THE STEEL MILL WAS PREWORLD WAR I. I THINK WHAT WE NEED TO DO IS EMBRACE ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE AND ADDITIVE MANUFACTURING. DOMINATE THE INDUSTRIES AND INFUSE THESE TECHNOLOGIES INTO OUR OLDER INDUSTRY WHO CAN’T AFFORD AND DON’T KNOW ABOUT THEM. CUT THE WORKER IN ON THE DEAL. WE HAVE TO DO THIS BECAUSE THERE IS AN OPPORTUNITY OUT THERE. IN SOLAR AND ELECTRIC VEHICLES, WE ARE NOT WINNING THE FUTURE. THERE IS ABOUT ONE TO TWO ELECTRIC VEHICLES AND BY 2030, THERE IS GOING TO BE 30 MILLION ELECTRIC VEHICLES MADE. THE QUESTION IS WHO IS GOING TO MAKE THEM? IS THE UNITED STATES GOING TO MAKE THEM OR CHINA? WHO IS GOING TO MAKE THE BATTERY THAT GO INTO THE ELECTRIC VEHICLES? US OR CHINA? WHO IS GOING TO DO THE CHARMING STATIONS? US OR CHINA? WE ARE LOSING. THEY CONTROL 40% OF THE ELECTRIC VEHICLE MARKET. THEY CONTROL 60% OF THE SOLAR PANEL MARKET. WE HAVE GOT TO GET OUR ACT TOGETHER AND HAVE PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIPS PUSHING IN THE SAME DIRECTION. OUR TAX CODE AND THE DIFFERENTLY ENERGY AND LOCAL, STATE, FEDERAL MOVING IN THE SAME DIRECTION AND DRIVE THE INVESTMENT INTO DISTRESSED COMMUNITIES AND RURAL AMERICA. JUST TO FOLLOW-UP.>>CAN ANY OF THAT WORK IF YOU DON’T REASSESS? WHAT THE UNITED STATES DID, THE ECONOMIC CONSENSUS WAS THAT IT REALLY WOULDN’T HAVE A JOB IMPACT. TODAY IT’S THAT IT COSTS AT LEAST A MILLION JOBS? THE UNITED STATES. NO MATTER HOW MUCH YOU INVEST AND HOW MUCH PUBLIC PARTNERSHIPS YOU HAVE, CAN THAT WORK UNLESS WE REWRITE THE TRADE RULES?>>WE NEED MORE BALANCED TRADE, BUT THE KEY TO A SUCCESSFUL ECONOMY IS BEING ON THE CUTTING EDGE. YES, AT SOME POINT THE LOW END MANUFACTURING IS GOING TO MAKE ITS WAY TO CHINA. NO WAY WE WILL BE ABLE TO COMPETE WITH THAT. WHO IS DOING THE HIGH END MANUFACTURING AND THE ADVANCED MANUFACTURING AND THE ADDITIVE MANUFACTURING. WHO IS ON THE CUTTING EDGE. WE NEED THE US TO BE. WILL WE KEEP EVERYTHING HERE? NO, WE CAN’T HONESTLY SAY THAT, BUT WE WILL KEEP A HECK OF A LOT IF WE ARE THE ONES DEVELOPING IT. I WILL GIVE YOU AN EXAMPLE. IT’S NOT JUST ABOUT MANUFACTURING. IT’S ABOUT HAVING A COMPREHENSIVE POLICY AROUND HOW TO GROW COMPANIES. WE THINK TODAY, SOME PEOPLE THINK IF YOU CUT TAXES FOR THE WEALTHIEST PEOPLE IT WILL TRICKLE DOWN. WE TRIED THAT THREE TIMES. HERE WE ARE. DOESN’T WORK. I MET A GUY WHO WAS PRESIDENT OBAMA’S TOP MANUFACTURING PERSON. HE TOLD ME A VERY INTERESTING STORY. HE SAID THERE WERE 150 COMPANIES THAT CAME OUT OF MIT A FEW YEARS BACK. THEY USED PUBLIC TAX DOLLARS FROM YOU AND I TO DEVELOP THEIR PRODUCT. OF THE 150 COMPANIES, THEY ENDED UP GETTING OVER $4 BILLION IN INVESTMENT CAPITAL. PRETTY GOOD. THE REST OF THE STORY? WE HAD NO MECHANISM IN OUR GOVERNMENT TO BE ABLE TO KEEP THEM IN THE UNITED STATES. ALL 150 OF THEM ARE OUT OF THE UNITED STATES. 70% WENT TO CHINA. HERE’S THE KEY. 80% OF VENTURE CAPITAL GOES TO THREE STATES. CALIFORNIA, MASSACHUSETTS, AND NEW YORK. 9% OF IT GOES TO WOMEN AND ONLY 2% GOES TO PEOPLE OF COLOR. IF WE ARE GOING TO INNOVATE AND GROW COMPANIES IN YOUNGSTOWN, WE NEED THE CAPITAL TO COME IN AND HAVE A PRIVATE SECTOR BOOST COME IN, TOO. THIS SYSTEM HAS TO BE RPLENISHING THE JOBS BECAUSE YOU ARE GOING TO LOSE SOME ALONG THE WAY. THAT’S WHY YOU HAVE TO HAVE A GOVERNMENT APPROACH TO THIS.>>THIS MAY NOT BE IT, BUT WE ARE PLANNING ANYWAY. THEY THINK WE ARE PLANTING TOO MUCH CORN TO FEED THE CHEAP HOGS OR DISPILL INTO CHEAP ETHANOL. DO WE NEED TO PLANT EVERY INCH OF IOWA TO CORN OR SOY BEANS OR CAN WE CREATE A NEW REVENUE STREAM THROUGH EXISTING MECHANISMS SUCH AS THE CONSERVATION STEWARDSHIP PROGRAM WHICH REWARDS FARMERS FOR CONSERVATION ON WORKING LANDS? IS THERE A WAY FOR FARMERS TO DERIVE REAL REGULAR INCOME BY GROWING GRASS INSTEAD OF CORN AND SUCKING CARBON OUT OF THE ATMOSPHERE? CAN THAT REORIENT MARKETS?>>THERE IS ABSOLUTELY — [ APPLAUSE ]>>THEY LIKED MY ANSWER. NEXT QUESTION. I THINK THE CONSERVATION STEWARDSHIP IS ESSENTIAL FOR US MOVING FORWARD. THAT’S WHY YOU CAN’T HAVE A 15% CUT ON THE USDA. THESE ARE THE PROGRAMS WE NEED TO BEEF UP. NO PUN INTENDED. WE NEED TO GROW. WHAT IT DOES FOR THE EARTH, WE NEED TO FACTOR WHEN YOU TALK ABOUT CARBON CAPTURE AND A GREEN NEW DEAL AND THESE THINGS, THAT HAS TO BE AN ESSENTIAL COMPONENT OF SEQUESTERING CARBON AND USING THESE PROGRAMS TO MAKE IT HAPPEN.>>SO CONGRESSMAN, OF ALL THE PEOPLE WE HAD TODAY, YOU ARE THE ONLY THING THAT IS NOT RUNNING FOR PRESIDENT YET. IS THERE ANYTHING YOU PLAN TO ANNOUNCE TODAY?>>NO.>>OKAY. I HAD TO ASK. SO YOU ARE A MEMBER OF THE HOUSE AND WE ARE HERE IN THE FOURTH CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT REPRESENTED BY STEVE KING.>>STEVE KING?>>YOU WERE TALKING ABOUT DIVISION EARLIER.>>IS HE HERE?>>CONGRESSMAN KING HAS BEEN STRIPPED OF HIS COMMITTEE ASSIGNMENTS BECAUSE OF COMMENTS HE MADE ABOUT WHITE NATIONALISM AND WHITE SUPREMACY AND THE HOUSE VOTED TO CONDEMN WHITE NATIONALISM, BUT HASN’T DONE ANYTHING ELSE AROUND THE CONGRESSMAN. DO YOU THINK THE HOUSE NEEDS TO GO FURTHER WHETHER IT’S CENSURING OR EXPELLING HIM?>>I THOUGHT AND I OFFERED FOR HIM TO BE CENSURED BY THE HOUSE. I THINK THAT IS ENTIRELY APPROPRIATE NOT NECESSARILY FOR ONE COMMENT NOT DONE ON THE HOUSE FLOOR, BUT FOR CONSISTENT COMMENTS OVERTIME BEING MADE MOST ABHORRENTLY OVERSEAS WHERE YOU ARE. I TRAVELLED A LOT OVERSEAS AND A LOT OF THE SENATORS AND OTHER PANELISTS DID AS WELL. YOU ARE REPRESENTING THE UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT. YOU ARE AN OFFICER OF THE GOVERNMENT. A MEMBER OF CONGRESS. TO MAKE THESE COMMENTS THERE I THINK IS ENTIRELY INAPPROPRIATE. I THINK HE’S PLAYING ALONG WITH A LOT OF THE RACE BAITING THAT THE PRESIDENT PARTICIPATES IN. I THINK IT’S TOTALLY UNNECESSARY AND INSULTING AND PART OF THE REASON WHY WE ARE SO DIVIDED AS A COUNTRY. FORTUNATELY STEVE KNOWS MY OPINION ON THAT. I HAVE BEEN CLEAR PUBLICLY ABOUT IT. I THINK IT’S WRONG AND I THINK THE HOUSE SHOULD ACT. I WAS DISAPPOINTED THAT THEY DIDN’T. [ APPLAUSE ]>>NOW WE TURN AGAIN TO THE AUDIENCE FOR QUESTIONS. THE FIRST IS FROM PHOEBE, A SENIOR AT ALTA A REALIA HIGH SCHOOL.>>THERE WERE 93 SCHOOL SHOOTINGS IN 2018, THE HIGHEST ON RECORD AND THE UNITED STATES HAS SIX TIMES MORE GUN DEATHS PER CAPITA THAN CANADA. WHAT SPECIFIC STEPS WILL YOU TAKE TO ADDRESS THE EPIDEMIC OF GUN VIOLENCE IN AMERICA? [ APPLAUSE ]>>THANK YOU FOR THAT QUESTION. THIS IS OBVIOUSLY VERY, VERY EMOTIONAL ISSUE. LET ME SAY THAT WE HAVE NOT DONE NEARLY ENOUGH IN THE UNITED STATES TO PREVENT THIS FROM HAPPENING. THERE WAS A BEAUTIFUL DISPLAY IN FRONT OF THE CAPITOL THIS WEEK THAT YOU MAY HAVE SEEN WHERE THE KIDS FROM PARKLAND, FLORIDA WERE THERE AND HAD A BEAUTIFUL — IT WAS ALMOST LIKE A CEMETERY WHERE THEY HAD CROSSES EVERYWHERE WITH NAMES ON THEM. TITLES ON THEM. AND A BIG SIGN SAYING YOUR INACTION KILLS US. I SUPPORT BACKGROUND CHECKS. I SUPPORT RESEARCHING THIS. I SUPPORT CLOSING THE CHARLESTON LOOPHOLE. I SUPPORT KEEPING GUNS OUT OF THE HANDS OF TERRORISTS OR PEOPLE ON THE TERRORIST WATCH LIST. SO ALL OF THE COMPREHENSIVE FIREARM REFORMS THAT ARE OUT THERE, I STRONGLY SUPPORT AND SAY THAT AS SOMEONE WHO HUNTS. ONE OF THE MOST ENJOYABLE THINGS I DO WITH OUR OLDEST SON, MASON, WHO IS NOW 16. WE HUNT. I JUST THINK THERE IS NO REASON FOR ANYONE WHO ENJOYS HUNTING AND THE SPORTSMAN LIFESTYLE AND THE CAMARADERIE AND TRADITION THAT THAT BRINGS TO A FAMILY AND A COMMUNITY, THEY ARE NOT MUTUALLY EXCLUSIVE TO BE ABLE TO DO THAT AND SAY WE WANT OUR KIDS TO FEEL SAFE IN THEIR SCHOOLS. NOT AT ALL.>>I WANTED TO FOLLOW-UP ON SOMETHING WE ASKED SECRETARY CASTRO EARLIER. IN ADDITION GUN VIOLENCE IN SCHOOLS AND OTHER MASS SHOOTINGS, THERE IS THIS PROBLEM OF SUICIDES. GUN DEATHS BY SUICIDE. THIS ESPECIALLY HITS RURAL AREAS. HOW DO YOU ADDRESS THAT? IS IT REDUCING ACCESS TO FIREARMS BECAUSE STUDIES SHOW WHEN THERE ARE MORE RUNS AROUND PEOPLE COMMIT SUICIDE MORE AND THAT CAN’T BE SOLVED BY BACKGROUND CHECKS? WHAT’S YOUR SOLUTION?>>THIS IS TOUGH AND HITS CLOSE TO HOME. A FRIEND OF MINE JUST LOST HIS WIFE JUST TWO OR THREE DAYS AGO TO SUICIDE IN THE SAME SCENARIO. I THINK THERE NEEDS TO BE A HUGE EDUCATION CAMPAIGN FOR PEOPLE ON HOW TO MAKE SURE YOUR FIREARMS ARE SECURE AND PEOPLE CAN’T ACCESS THEM. IF YOU CAN’T HAVE THIS CONVERSATION EITHER WITHOUT TALKING ABOUT MENTAL HEALTH AND TREATMENT AND I DON’T THINK YOU CAN HAVE A SUICIDE CONVERSATION WITHOUT — I’M TALKING ABOUT IT AND RURAL AREAS FACE THE GREATEST SHORTAGES OF THE KIND OF MENTAL HEALTH TREATMENT. HERE’S THE PROBLEM I HAVE WITH THE NRA. I USED TO BE A SUPPORTER AND GAVE ALL MY MONEY THEY GAVE BACK TO ME MANY YEARS AGO. THEY DID NOT EVEN WANT TO COME TO THE TABLE TO HAVE A CONVERSATION. THAT’S WHAT INFURIATED ME. I WATCH THIS ON TV AND NOT WANT TO DO ANYTHING ABOUT IT? HERE’S A PERFECT EXAMPLE WHERE THEY CAN PLAY A CONSTRUCTIVELY ROLE IN SOCIETY ABOUT TRYING TO HELP PREVENT SUICIDES AND HOW TO STORE YOUR GUN PROPERLY AND ALL THE REST. I DON’T WANT TO HAVE THAT CONVERSATION. WE HAVE TO POLITICALLY OVERCOME THAT AND DOMINATE IT, BUT A LOT IS SECURING IT AND HAVING AN EDUCATION CAMPAIGN TO MAKE SURE PEOPLE KNOW HOW TO DO THAT. [ APPLAUSE ]>>RETURNING TO THE AUDIENCE, AMELIA IS A MOTHER OF THREE, IMMIGRANT FROM EL SALVADOR, A STORM LAKE SCHOOL BOARD MEMBER AND A COMMUNITY LIAISON FOR HEAD START, EVEN START WITH THE STORM LAKE SCHOOL SYSTEM.>>THANK YOU FOR BEING HERE. SEVEN YEARS AFTER MY MOM DECIDED TO LEAVE US BEHIND, THIS WAS DUE TO THE WAR AND SAFETY OF COURSE WAS A CONCERN. AS A SCHOOL BOARD MEMBER, I KNOW MANY STUDENTS WHO ARE DREAMERS. I’M SURE YOU KNOW ABOUT THIS PROGRAM. AND YOU KNOW THEY WANTED TO BE TEACHERS AND POLICE OFFICERS AND THEY WANT TO SERVE IN THE COMMUNITY AS BUSINESS LEADERS. THEY ARE FINDING SECURITY IN JOBS UNDER THE PROGRAM. WHAT DO YOU THINK WE SHOULD DO ARE REFUGEES WHO SHOW UP AT THE BORDERS AND HOW DO WE PRO TENTH THEM WHEN THEY MAKE IT TO THE UNITED STATES. HOW DO WE KEEP THESE AMBITIOUS DREAMERS IN LIMBO?>>THANK YOU FOR YOUR QUESTION.>>THE DREAMER KIDS ARE THE MOST AMAZING KIDS. WE WERE HAVING THIS DISCUSSION AHEAD OF A MEETING IN MY OFFICE WITH 10 OR 15 OF THEM. I WAS TRYING AND THEY WERE CRYING. THEY EPITOMIZE WHO WE WANT TO COME TO THE UNITED STATES. THAT DIVERSITY IS OUR GREAT STRENGTH. WE NEED TO TAKE CARE OF THE DREAMER ISSUE IMMEDIATELY THAT. SHOULDN’T BE THAT DIFFICULT. I HOPE THE COUNTRY, WE AS A COUNTRY CAN CONTINUE TO BE STRONG ENOUGH TO ACCEPT REFUGEES COMING FROM WAR-TORN OR GANG-RUN COUNTRIES AND SEEK TO COME TO THE UNITED STATES TO SAVE THEMSELVES AND THEIR DAUGHTERS FROM GETTING SOLD INTO THE SEX TRADE OR THEIR SONS GETTING SOLD INTO GANGS. I HOPE WE ARE STRONG ENOUGH AS A COUNTRY TO BE ABLE TO ACCEPT THEM AND WELCOME THEM INTO THE UNITED STATES. THAT TO ME IS NOT A SIGN OF WEAKNESS, BUT A SIGN OF STRENGTH. THE MORAL AUTHORITY AND INTANGIBLES THAT THAT COMMUNICATES TO THE WORLD ABOUT WHAT KIND OF COUNTRY WE ARE SURPASS ANYTHING WE CAN DO. I WANT TO MAKE ANOTHER POINT ABOUT WHAT’S HAPPENING IN THE OTHER COUNTRIES IN CENTRAL AMERICA WHERE THE REFUGEES ARE COMING FROM. IF PRESIDENT TRUMP WOULD PICK UP HIS PRESIDENTIAL DAILY BRIEFING AND LOOK AT IT AND SEE HOW WE COULD MAYBE HELP SOLVE THE PROBLEM IN THESE COUNTRIES BEFORE WE ARE FORCED TO DEAL WITH IT ON OUR OWN BORDERS WEEK WOULD BE WELL AHEAD OF WHERE WE ARE TODAY. THESE PEOPLE — [ APPLAUSE ] I PROBABLY SHOULD HAVE LOOKED AT THIS. ONE OF THE COUNTRIES DOES NOT EVEN HAVE AN AMBASSADOR. DOES NOT EACH HAVE AN AMBASSADOR. HIS DEEP CUTS TO THE STATE DEPARTMENT ARE THE PROGRAMS THAT WOULD PREVENT THESE COUNTRIES FROM BECOMING SO DESTABILIZE AND SO VIOLENT THAT PEOPLE WOULD HAVE TO COME TO THE UNITED STATES IN THE FIRST PLACE. NO ONE WANTS TO NECESSARIILY COE HERE. THEY SEEK A BETTER LIFE AND TO COME UNDER THOSE CONDITIONS, I THINK IS WRONG. WHEN WE TALK ABOUT LEADERSHIP AT THE NATIONAL LEVEL, LET’S TALK ABOUT HOW MANY PROBLEMS I WANT MY PRESIDENT TO SOLVE BEFORE I EVEN HEAR ABOUT THEM. THAT’S THE PRESIDENT’S JOB. I DON’T WANT TO HEAR ABOUT ALL OF THIS.>>I GOT ONE FOR YOU. THANK YOU.>>CONGRESSMAN, ONE OF YOUR COLLEAGUES IN CONGRESS FROM CALIFORNIA HAS BEEN TALKING ABOUT TRYING TO MOVE DIGITAL JOBS INTO RURAL AREAS. IT’S HAPPENING NOW IN JEFFERSON, IOWA AND PARTNERSHIP OF IOWA CENTRAL COMMUNITY COLLEGE AND HE IS SAYING ONE THING WE HAVE TO DO TO UNITE THE COUNTRY IS PUT RURAL AMERICA ON A LEVEL PLAYING FIELD. THEY ARE ALL IN NORTH CAROLINA, MASSACHUSETTS OR CALIFORNIA. HE IS COMING IN AND GIVING THE DIGITAL SKILLS WITH THE A AA ON JEFFERSON IOWA. WEST VIRGINIA AND KENTUCKY AND OHIO. ABSOLUTELY. GO FOR IT.>>WE DID AN INTERESTING THING A YEAR 1/2 R AAND A HALF AGO. THE SAME ISSUE VENTURE CAPITAL IN THREE STATES PRIMARILY. YOU KNOW THE THREE. WE GOT A BUS AND PUT 13 VENTURE CAPITALISTS ON THE BUS AND CALLED AT THIS TIME COME BACK CITIES TOUR. WE STARTED IN YOUNGSTOWN AND WENT TO AKRON AND DETROIT AND FLINT AND WENT TO SAY MAYOR PETE IN SOUTH BEND, INDIAN A. I JUST GOT AN I MAIL OF AN INVESTMENT HAPPENING IN FLINT. WE STARTED IN YOUNGSTOWN WHAT IS CALLED THE COME BACK CITY CAPITAL FUND THAT HAS TWO OR THREE MILLION DOLLARS IN IT. MOST OF THE MONEY COMING FROM OUTSIDE OF OHIO GOING INTO THE FUND TO SEED NEW BUSINESSES. THIS IS THE MODEL AND THE TAX CODE AND EVERY INCENTIVE WE CAN HAVE AND PUT INTO PLACE AND INCENTIVIZE THE PRIVATE SECTOR TO MAKE INVESTMENTS IN COMMUNITIES OR RURAL AMERICA. THAT’S HOW THIS IS GOING TO HAPPEN. IT INCLUDES GOVERNMENT ACTION WITH REGARD TO BROADBAND AND COMMUNITY COLLEGES AND WITH REGARD TO INFRASTRUCTURE. ALSO, WITH REGARD TO REFURBISHING THE DOWNTOWNS. IF YOU DON’T HAVE THE SENSE OF PLACE FOR YOUNG PEOPLE AND PEOPLE TO WANT TO STAY IN THAT COMMUNITY LIKE AN OLD THEATER OR DOWNTOWN OR A JAZZ CLUB OR COFFEE SHOP OR A BIKE TRAIL, YOU HAVE TO HAVE A COMPREHENSIVE AGENDA FROM EVERY ASPECT OF THE GOVERNMENT PUSHING IN THE SAME DIRECTION. THAT’S WHAT WE ARE LOOKING NOW IS THAT BIG, BIG VISION. ROW IS ONE OF THE LEADERS AND WE GET ALONG FIGURING OUT HOW TO DO THIS. THIS IS DOABLE. THERE ARE IDEAS AROUND AGRICULTURE AND FOOD PROCESSING AND PRODUCTION AND ALL OF THAT. I NEVER HEARD OF IN YOUNGSTOWN, O HIO. WHEN WE BROUGHT THEM TO YOUNGSTOWN AND AKRON, THEY WERE LOOKING AT THE START UP BUSINESSES IN THE INCUBATORS AND ACCELERATEORS. WE NEVER THOUGHT THERE WOULD BE A BUSINESS. WE NEVER KNEW OF THE PROBLEM THAT THE BUSINESS WAS TRYING TO ADDRESS. THAT’S NOT A PROBLEM IN MOUNTAIN VIEW, CALIFORNIA. IT’S A PROBLEM IN YOUNGSTOWN, RIGHT? HOW DO WE GET YOUR CAPITAL WITH OUR INSIDE AND WE TAKE OFF AND THE GOVERNMENT HAS TO BE MORE INNOVATIVE AND MORE CREATIVE AND HAVE MORE OF AN IMAGINATION TO GET THIS THING DONE. THIS IS WHY WE HAVE TO COME TOGETHER. WE ARE FIGHTING WITH EACH OTHER AND GOING BOY, THAT WOULD BE A GREAT IDEA. HOW DO WE DO THAT? IT HAPPENED IN ONE LITTLE PLACE. I THINK THE NEXT FIVE OR 10 YEARS OF THE UNITED STATES IS HOW TO FIND THE IDEAS THAT ARE WORKING AND STALE THEM UP. WE DON’T NEED TO REINVENT THE WHEEL. COME TOGETHER AND GET THE GOVERNMENT OPERATING IN THE 21st CENTURY AGAIN, WHICH IT DOESN’T. LET’S GO. YOU LAUGH, BUT IT’S TRUE. AS DEMOCRATS, WE NEED TO BE CRITICAL OF THE GOVERNMENT. IT’S NOT GETTING THE JOB DONE FOR US. IT’S NOT DOING IT.>>I’M CURIOUS. WHEN YOU TALK ABOUT COMING TOGETHER, WE HEARD A LOT ABOUT BIPARTISANSHIP FROM DIFFERENT PEOPLE. pYOU ARE DEALING WITH TH REPUBLICAN PARTY THAT DENIED PRESIDENT OBAMA SUPREME COURT JUSTICE APPOINTEE THAT TRIED TO BLOCK EVERY PIECE OF LEGISLATION THE LAST DEMOCRATIC PRESIDENT TRIED TO ADVANCE AND MAKING HIM A ONE-TERM PRESIDENT. WHAT IS THE UNIVERSE IN WHICH THEY WILL COOPERATE TO DO THESE THINGS?>>I WAS THERE FOR ALL OF THAT. I GOT THE EMOTIONAL WOUNDS TO PROVE IT. IT WAS A BRUTAL TIME. I THINK WE NEED TO PUT TOGETHER AN AGENDA THAT CAPTURES THE 65% OF THE AMERICAN PEOPLE. WE NEED TO BRING THAT AGENDA TOGETHER. WE TRIED TO BRING EVERYBODY TO THE EXTENT WE CAN, BUT FORCE REPUBLICANS TO POLITICALLY HAVE TO MOVE THE BALL DOWN THE FIELD FOR US. I DON’T THINK THEY CAN CONTINUE. THEY ARE SQUIRMING LIKE CRAZY NOW. OVER THE AFFORDABLE CARE ACT THAT THE PRESIDENT IS PUTTING FORWARD. A LOT OF REPUBLICANS ARE GETTING ESPECIALLY THE ONES THAT HAPPEN TO BE UP IN 2020. I DON’T THINK IF THAT’S A COINCIDENCE AND WHY THEY ARE SO NERVOUS ABOUT IT. THEY ARE VERY NERVOUS. IF WE CAN PROVIDE THE AGENDA THAT CAN UNITE, WE SHOULD BE ABLE TO COME TO RURAL AMERICA GIVEN EVERYTHING GOING ON AND NOT MADE A PROFIT IN THE LAST FIVE YEARS AND THE PRICE OF THE PRODUCTS. I’M LOOKING AT THIS SYSTEM. I’M READING TO COME HERE AND TRYING TO — I’M LOOKING AT WHAT’S HAPPENING IN RURAL AMERICA WITH REGARD TO THE CONCENTRATION OF POWER AND THE MONOPOLIES. YOU KNOW WHAT WE CALL THIS IN YOUNGSTOWN? A SCAM. IT’S AN ABSOLUTE SCAM. IF WE COME TO RURAL AMERICA AND INVESTING IN CONSERVATION AND STEWARDSHIP AND MAKING SURE WE ARE TAKING CARE OF THE RURAL SKMERK WE HAVE INNOVATIVE IDEAS ON HOW TO BUILD OUT THE ECONOMY IN MANUFACTURING AND AG, LET’S GO AND BRAG AND SAY WE HAVE A PLAN FOR YOU. IT’S THE SAME PLAN THAT IS NEEDED IN YOUNGSTOWN. CAN WE PLEASE PUT A COALITION TOGETHER AND TAKE THE COUNTRY TO THE NEXT LEVEL? CAN WE PLEASE GET EVERYBODY ON THE SAME PAGE? WE ARE ALL SUFFERING FROM THE SAME THING. I THINK YOU GO THERE AND PART OF THE PROBLEM IN 2016 WAS DEMOCRATS DID NOT GO TO RURAL AMERICA. I DON’T KNOW IF THEY CAME HERE, BUT IN OHIO, THERE WAS NOT A ROBUST RURAL OUTREACH EFFORT. AN EXCITING RURAL AGENDA. WHEN YOU TALK ABOUT WHAT I’M TALKING ABOUT, INNOVATIONS WITHIN SMALLER COMMUNITIES AND REBUILDING SMALL TOWNS, WHEN I RAN FOR STATE SENATE, I HAD A PALM CARD. I WAS CLEANING OUT MY BASEMENT. TIM RYAN FOR STATE SENATE. YOU KNOW WHAT MY NUMBER ONE ISSUE WAS? RENOVATE THE ROBBINS THEATER. THAT’S AN OLD THEATER. I WAS YOUNG. I WAS 26. IT WAS RENOVATE THE ROBBINS THEATER. YOUNG PEOPLE WERE LEAVING LIKE CRAZY BECAUSE IN PART THERE WERE NOT JOBS. THERE WAS NOTHING TO DO EITHER. THAT WAS THE BIG THEATER THAT WE WANTED TO GET RENOVATED. THAT WAS A TOP THING ON MY PALM CARD. THOSE ARE THE THINGS THAT WE NEED GO TO PEOPLE WHO VOTED. HERE’S WHY I COULD BE HELPFUL IN THIS PROCESS. TRUMP VOTERS VOTED FOR ME AND THEY VOTED FOR TRUMP. THEY VOTED FOR PRESIDENT OBAMA AND ME AND FORTUNATELY I’M GETTING VOTES BOTH WAYS. I’M HAPPY ABOUT THAT, BUT THESE VOTERS CAN COME BACK HOME TO US. IF WE HAVE A STRONG RURAL AGENDA, WE CAN PUT IT TOGETHER AND GET THEM VOTING FOR US GIVEN EVERYTHING GOING ON AND I THINK PUSH REPUBLICANS WHO WILL BE IN THE SENATE PRIMARILY TO MOVE ON SOME OF THIS STUFF. I THINK IT’S DOABLE.>>CORPORATE AMERICAS AND CAUSE THE SOLUTION AND REPUBLICANS WILL SUPPORT IT. [INAUDIBLE] THEY ARE THE BACKBONE OF THE RURAL ECONOMY.>>YOU BETCHA.>>CONGRESSMAN, THANKS A MILLION.>>THANKS FOR HAVING ME.>>APPRECIATE IT.>>OKAY. THAT’S THE END OF OUR PROGRAM TODAY. THANK YOU ALL SO MUCH FOR BEING HERE AND TO EVERYONE WHO TUNED IN ON THE LIVE STREAM. WE HAVE A QUICK ANNOUNCEMENT FOR THOSE OF YOU HERE IN THE AUDIENCE FROM THE VICE PRESIDENT OF THE IOWA FARMER’S UNION.

11 thoughts on “HuffPost + Open Markets Heartland Forum

  1. The fake Indian for profit and the crazy woman who eats salad with a comb, in order to shame her servant for forgetting the fork. Are all Dem candidates serial killer creepy?

  2. Anyone who would like to go to Iraq Iran Bagdad India Turkey Seria or any other Muslim countries to prove there is love in these countries please contact me. I will help fund your trip

  3. This Trump voter would love Medicare for All. America gives Germany $300 Billion a year for Defense, Japan $100 Billion. Or you could say America gives Germany $300 Billion to provide for free healthcare to the German people. Ironically Trump has done more to promote Medicare for All because the only way it would work is you must stop all immigration. Trump 2020

  4. Elizabeth Warren wants open borders. Without the imigrants population gasoline is .43 cents a gallon. Trump 2020;

  5. Remember in 1981 44.3% still lived on 1.90 a day. As of 2015 that rate has dipped to 3 – 5%. So that means 100,000 people a day were rising out of poverty

  6. This event was about the best thing we've had for rural politics in about 20 years, and showed success even before the day, as Candidates came forward with their strong stands against corporate colonization of Congress, (where we lose money on farm exports). Elizabeth Warren, Bernie Sanders (in recent speeches, though he didn't attend). And others (Also Cory Booker, but unrelated to the event.) Unfortunately, the "in about 20 years" is a very low standard, and there were major things that could have been done better. The 2 on stage from Huffington Post basically did a "rural fly over," avoiding rural/farm issues, apparently not knowing how huge they are and how important the rural vote will be. Missing was much on the Farm Bill: 1. on how the 2018 "bipartisan" farm bill was about the worst in history for farmers, and 2. on what a good farm bill would be. Amy Klobuchar was the only one to mention it, and she knows some of the history of the decades of fighting for justice by family farmers, (including justice for our states and for the United States to make a profit on farm exports). Unfortunately, she only called for a better farm subsidy bill, and not restoration of New Deal farm programs where we make a profit on exports, (and don't need any subsidies). It was a great chance to meet with campaign staff, and they're definitely listening and following up! (i.e. Warren! Klobuchar! Delaney. Castro.)

  7. Huffington Post's Christopher Mathias still has no lips. Ahahahahahahahahahahaha. Pay that man more so he can purchase a pair!

  8. Shocked to say it, but Klobuchar did the best. She's in her element here. Tim Ryan did okay too. Castro always does really good but he, on the other hand, looked out of his element. Warren and Delaney stunk up the joint bad.

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